Los hombres al trabajo y las mujeres a la casa: ¿es la segregación ocupacional otra explicacion razonable de las diferencias salariales por sexo en c
This article explores the relationship between occupational segregation and the wage differencesbetween men and women using the Flückiger & Silber (1999) decomposition. This methodology is anadaptation of the traditional Oaxaca (1973)-Blinder (1973) decomposition that allows separating thesex wage gap into three additive components: 1. the part of the gap explained by differences inproductivity between sexes. 2. The fraction associated with differences in returns to productivecharacteristics and 3. A part related to differences in group size -segregation-. Despite the statisticaldifference in productive characteristics and returns across occupational groups, we find that thesegregation component of the decomposition is extremely sensitive to the way groups are defined.Since occupational groups are defined ad hoc, further insight is needed in order to determine howimportant segregation really is to explain wage differences
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- Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
- Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
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