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The impact of gender discrimination on poverty in Brazil

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  • Monsueto, Sandro Eduardo
  • Simão, Rosycler Cristal Santos

Abstract

This paper analyses the effects of gender discrimination on povertyin Brazil between 1992 and 2001, using data obtained from the NationalHousehold Survey. A counterfactual distribution of per capita householdincome was estimated, based on a hypothetical scenario in which thelabour market pays equal wages to men and women in accordance withtheir qualifi cations. The results show that, when gender discrimination iseliminated, the percentage of poor persons tends to decline by an average of10%. Results were even more striking among the most vulnerable segmentsof the population, such as members of households headed by black womenwho lack a formal employment contract or union membership.

Suggested Citation

  • Monsueto, Sandro Eduardo & Simão, Rosycler Cristal Santos, 2008. "The impact of gender discrimination on poverty in Brazil," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecr:col070:11314
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    3. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
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    5. Juhn, Chinhui & Murphy, Kevin M & Pierce, Brooks, 1993. "Wage Inequality and the Rise in Returns to Skill," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(3), pages 410-442, June.
    6. François Bourguignon & Martin Fournier & Marc Gurgand, 2007. "Selection Bias Corrections Based On The Multinomial Logit Model: Monte Carlo Comparisons," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(1), pages 174-205, February.
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