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Especialización Vertical de las Exportaciones Colombianas

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  • Gustavo Adolfo HERNANDEZ DIAZ

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Abstract

La política comercial de Colombia para conseguir nuevos mercados se ha centrado en la firma y aplicación de acuerdos de libre comercio, así como la preparación de los respectivos sectores para su apertura al comercio internacional. Una forma de aprovechar estos nuevos mercados es a través de las cadenas globales de valor que se pueden medir por la especialización vertical de las exportaciones. Para ello, se ha utilizado matrices de insumo-producto para calcular los coeficientes nacionales e importados, y de este modo seguir la metodología de Hummels, Ishii y Yi (2001). Se encontró que, en promedio el componente de valor agregado importado de las exportaciones colombianas es de alrededor de 10%, donde las exportaciones industriales concentran más de 20% del valor total de sus exportaciones explicado por el componente importados. Adicionalmente, se encontró una disminución en la especialización vertical, explicada por el contexto internacional, incremento de los precios de los productos básicos y la recesión mundial, pero no por los vínculos que se han creado dentro de la cadena de valor global.

Suggested Citation

  • Gustavo Adolfo HERNANDEZ DIAZ, 2014. "Especialización Vertical de las Exportaciones Colombianas," Archivos de Economía 011805, Departamento Nacional de Planeación.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000118:011805
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Especialización vertical; cadenas globales de valor; matrices insumo producto.;

    JEL classification:

    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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