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Bases para un fondo de compensación regional

  • JAIME BONET

    ()

  • JORGE ALVIS

    ()

Colombia registra grandes desigualdades en su territorio que se reflejanen los indicadores de desempeño económico y social de sus municipios ydepartamentos. Estas disparidades se mantienen a pesar de que losrecursos que invierte el país en los sectores sociales, principalmentesalud y educación, se han incrementado en los últimos años y que ladescentralización de las últimas décadas ha significado un crecimientosignificativo de los recursos ejecutados por los gobiernos locales. Una delas alternativas de política que ayudaría a corregir la persistencia de lasinequidades regionales es un Fondo de Compensación Regional, quepermita canalizar recursos hacia las zonas rezagadas del país. Estedocumento presenta las bases de lo que sería este fondo, que seconvertiría en la herramienta necesaria para impulsar una equidad real yefectiva entre las regiones, otorgarles igualdad de oportunidades a loscolombianos sin importar su lugar de residencia, fomentar la solidaridadentre los ciudadanos y cumplir con los objetivos propuestos en las metasdel milenio y en el plan Visión Colombia 2019.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 004313.

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Date of creation: 03 Dec 2007
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:004313
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  1. Ignacio Lozano & Jorge Ramos & Hernán Rincón, 2007. "Implicaciones Fiscales y Sectoriales de la Reforma a las transferencias Territoriales en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002816, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  2. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2232, David K. Levine.
  3. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-99, June.
  4. Martin, Philippe, 1998. "Public Policies, Regional Inequalities and Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers 1841, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Barro, Robert J & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1992. "Convergence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(2), pages 223-51, April.
  6. Robert J. Barro & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1991. "Convergence across States and Regions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(1), pages 107-182.
  7. Ana Maria Iregui B & LIGIA MELO B & JORGE RAMOS F, 2006. "¿Hacia dónde se dirigen los recursos de Inverersión del Presupuesto General de la Nación?," REVISTA APUNTES DEL CENES, UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGOGICA Y TECNOLOGICA DE COLOMBIA.
  8. Birchenall Jiménez Javier Arturo, 1997. "Convergencia regional: una revisión del caso colombiano," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  9. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1990. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 3541, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Ricardo Rocha & Alejandro Vivas, 1998. "Crecimiento regional en Colombia: ¿Persiste la desigualdad?," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  11. Jose R. Gamarra Vergara, 2007. "Pobreza rural y transferencia de tecnología en la Costa Caribe," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 004304, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  12. Gerson Javier Pérez V & Peter Rowland, 2004. "Políticas económicas regionales: cuatro estudios de caso," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 003351, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  13. Michele Boldrin & Fabio Canova, 2001. "Inequality and convergence in Europe's regions: reconsidering European regional policies," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 16(32), pages 205-253, 04.
  14. Jaime Bonet, 2006. "Fiscal decentralization and regional income disparities: evidence from the Colombian experience," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 661-676, August.
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