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Fertility and schooling: how this relation changed between 1995 and 2005 in Colombia


  • Luis Fernando Gamboa
  • Nohora Forero Ramírez


We test the existence of changes in the relationship between fertility and schoolingin Colombia for women from 30 to 40 years old between 1995 and 2005. For ourpurpose, we use Poisson Regression Models. Our database is the Demographic andHealth Survey from 1995 and 2005. We found a reduction in the fertility during thisperiod and an increase in the educative level of the population. According to ourresults the total number of children a woman has, keeps an inverse relationship withher educative level, which may be explained by the effects of education on theknowledge of the fertility. We also find that the effect of an additional year ofeducation in 1995 is higher than 2005. Besides, we also find that there are significantrural-urban differences in the determinants on fertility for Colombia´s women in thelast decade.***En este trabajo se pretende evaluar la existencia de cambios en la relación entrefecundidad y escolaridad en Colombia para mujeres de 30 a 40 años de edad entre1995 y 2005. Para tal efecto se utilizan modelos de Poisson sobre la EncuestaNacional de Demografía y Salud 1995 y 2005. Se encuentra una reducción en lafecundidad durante el periodo y su relación inversa con la escolaridad, que puede serexplicada por el efecto de la educación sobre otras variables como el incremento enel conocimiento sobre los programas de control natal. Se encuentra además que elefecto de un año adicional de educación sobre la fecundidad es mayor en 1995 queen 2005. De otro lado, se encuentra que las diferencias entre zonas urbanas y ruralesson significativas en la explicación de la fecundidad en Colombia durante la últimadécada.

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  • Luis Fernando Gamboa & Nohora Forero Ramírez, 2008. "Fertility and schooling: how this relation changed between 1995 and 2005 in Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo 004711, Universidad del Rosario.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000092:004711

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Osili, Una Okonkwo & Long, Bridget Terry, 2008. "Does female schooling reduce fertility? Evidence from Nigeria," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 57-75, August.
    2. Ainsworth, Martha & Beegle, Kathleen & Nyamete, Andrew, 1996. "The Impact of Women's Schooling on Fertility and Contraceptive Use: A Study of Fourteen Sub-Saharan African Countries," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 10(1), pages 85-122, January.
    3. Michael, Robert T, 1973. "Education and the Derived Demand for Children," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(2), pages 128-164, Part II, .
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    5. Cameron,A. Colin & Trivedi,Pravin K., 2005. "Microeconometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521848053, October.
    6. Sander, William, 1992. "The effect of women's schooling on fertility," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 229-233, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Baez, Javier E. & Camacho, Adriana, 2011. "Assessing the Long-term Effects of Conditional Cash Transfers on Human Capital: Evidence from Colombia," IZA Discussion Papers 5751, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

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    More about this item


    Fertility; Schooling; Colombia; Poisson Regression Model; Protogenetic Interval;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities

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