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Disinflating From Moderate Inflation

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  • Marc Hofstetter

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Abstract

This paper studies the behavior of several macroeconomic variables during disinflationary episodes in Latin-America and the Caribbean (LAC). In particular, it focuses on disinflations from low and moderate peaks for the period 1973-2001. The methodology used for studying the average behavior of macroeconomic variables across disinflations overcomes the traditional problem of scarce long time series (of high frequency data) that has hindered the empirical research of monetary shocks in many LAC countries. Some of the important findings are as follows: (i) while GDP growth slowed down during the disinflations of the 70s and 80s, there is no evidence of this for the 90s; (ii) the trade balance significantly deteriorated during the disinflations; (iii) the nominal devaluation rate slowed down during the episodes; and (iv) the real exchange rate appreciated during the episodes.

Suggested Citation

  • Marc Hofstetter, 2007. "Disinflating From Moderate Inflation," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002373, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:002373
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/9ef5d2007-04.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inflation Growth Disinflation Trade Balance Exchange Rate;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies

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