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The Location of Comparative Advantages on the Basis of Fundamentals Only

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  • Pierre Mohnen
  • Thijs Ten Raa

Abstract

We locate the comparative advantages of Canada and Europe on the basis of their fundamentals only: endowments, technologies, and preferences. A linear program with an input-output core and an algorith for the balance of payments constraint will determine the efficient allocation of resources. The supporting allocations determine the optimum pattern of trade. The Canadian advantage compared to Europe is in minerals, machines and clothing & footwear. Gains to free bilateral trade are estimated to be negligible for the big economy, Europe, but significant for the small one, Canada. The pattern of comparative advantage persists when we allowfor free access to technology and consumption coefficients and, therefore, can be ascribed to the endowments. Nous détectons les avantages comparatifs au Canada et en Europe à partir des éléments fondamentaux d'une économie : les dotations, les technologies et les préférences. Par la programmation linéaire, en utilisant les tableaux entrée-sortie et un algorithme servant à imposer l'équilibre de la balance commerciale, nous déterminons l'allocation optimale des ressources, qui sous-tend les échanges optimaux. Le Canada a un avantage comparatif par rapport à l'Europe dans les miéraux, la machineries, les vêtements et les chaussures. Les gains à l'échange sont minimes pour la grande économie, l'Europe,0501s substantiels pour le petit pays, le Canada. La structure des avantages comparatifs persiste quand nous permettons le libre choix entre les technologies et les préférences des deux pays. Les dotations ressortent donc comme étant le facteur déterminant de la structure des avantages comparatifs.

Suggested Citation

  • Pierre Mohnen & Thijs Ten Raa, 1997. "The Location of Comparative Advantages on the Basis of Fundamentals Only," CIRANO Working Papers 97s-07, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:97s-07
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    Cited by:

    1. Marian Leimbach & Baumstark, Lavinia, 2011. "Intertemporal trade and the Integrated Assessment of climate change mitigation policies," EcoMod2011 3036, EcoMod.
    2. Eric O’N. Fisher & Kathryn G. Marshall, 2016. "Leontief was not right after all," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 46(1), pages 15-24, August.
    3. repec:dgr:rugsom:04c11 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Thijs ten Raa & Pierre Mohnen, 2009. "The Location of Comparative Advantages on the Basis of Fundamentals Only," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Input–Output Economics: Theory And Applications Featuring Asian Economies, chapter 23, pages 425-446 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    5. Thijs ten Raa & Haoran Pan, 2009. "Competitive Pressures on China: Income Inequality and Migration," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Input–Output Economics: Theory And Applications Featuring Asian Economies, chapter 24, pages 449-485 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    6. Prieto, Angel M. & Zofio, Jose L., 2007. "Network DEA efficiency in input-output models: With an application to OECD countries," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 178(1), pages 292-304, April.
    7. Kagawa, Shigemi, 2008. "How does Japanese compliance with the Kyoto Protocol affect environmental productivity in China and Japan?," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 173-188, June.
    8. Victoria Shestalova, 2001. "General Equilibrium Analysis of International TFP Growth Rates," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(4), pages 391-404.
    9. Shu-hen Chiang, 2009. "Location quotient and trade," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 43(2), pages 399-414, June.
    10. Alex Hoen & Jan Oosterhaven, 2006. "On the measurement of comparative advantage," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 40(3), pages 677-691, August.
    11. Sahoo, A., 2008. "Essays on the Indian economy : Competitive pressure, productivity and performance," Other publications TiSEM 374e9035-815c-43fe-a68e-e, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    12. Thijs Raa & Victoria Shestalova, 2011. "The Solow residual, Domar aggregation, and inefficiency: a synthesis of TFP measures," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 36(1), pages 71-77, August.
    13. Ten Raa, T. & Shestalova, V., 2006. "Alternative Measures of Total Factor Productivity Growth," Discussion Paper 2006-54, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Comparative advantage; Gains to free trade; Avantages comparatifs; gains au libre-échange;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General

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