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A Note on Remittances in El Salvador and Ecuador: An Analysis of Household Survey Data

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  • Jessica Audrey Clayton
  • Thierry Warin

Abstract

This study analyzes the impact of remittances as seen in household survey data from three small rural communities. OLS and multivariate anova regressions were used to analyze household survey data collected in Cumbe and Gualaceo (Ecuador) and in Ciudad Romero (El Salvador). The results contradict the findings of some studies concluding that in many countries remittances acted as compensation for poor economic performance rather than capital promoting economic development. Ce papier a pour objectif de proposer une étude de cas sur l'impact des transferts de fonds individuels des émigrés vers leur village d'origine. L'étude repose sur des données collectées dans le cadre d'entretiens individuels réalisés dans trois villages : Cumbe et Gualaceo (Equateur) et Ciudad Romero (El Salvador). Les résultats contredisent, dans le cadre de ces villages, certaines études précédentes qui concluaient en l'absence d'impacts de long-terme des fonds transférés. En utilisant un modèle simple fondé sur la méthode des moindres carrés ordinaires complété par une analyse de variance multi-variée, cette étude montre un impact positif des transferts de fonds sur l'investissement, en plus d'être un soutien financier pour les produits de première nécessité.

Suggested Citation

  • Jessica Audrey Clayton & Thierry Warin, 2010. "A Note on Remittances in El Salvador and Ecuador: An Analysis of Household Survey Data," CIRANO Working Papers 2010s-13, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2010s-13
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    File URL: http://www.cirano.qc.ca/files/publications/2010s-13.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alvin P. Ang, 2007. "Workers’ Remittances and Economic Growth in the Philippines," DEGIT Conference Papers c012_029, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
    2. German A. Zarate-Hoyos, 2004. "Consumption and Remittances in Migrant Households: Toward a Productive Use of Remittances," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 22(4), pages 555-565, October.
    3. Borraz Fernando, 2005. "Assessing the Impact of Remittances on Schooling: the Mexican Experience," Global Economy Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 5(1), pages 1-32, April.
    4. Calero, Carla & Bedi, Arjun S. & Sparrow, Robert, 2009. "Remittances, Liquidity Constraints and Human Capital Investments in Ecuador," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 37(6), pages 1143-1154, June.
    5. Ronald Skeldon, 2008. "International Migration as a Tool in Development Policy: A Passing Phase?," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 34(1), pages 1-18.
    6. Cuong Nguyen Viet, 2008. "Do Foreign Remittances Matter to Poverty and Inequality? Evidence from Vietnam," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 15(1), pages 1-11.
    7. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:15:y:2008:i:1:p:1-11 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    remittances; Latin America; development; human capital; foreign aid ; transferts de fonds; Amérique latine; développement économique; capital humain; aide internationale;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F24 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Remittances
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • R51 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Finance in Urban and Rural Economies

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