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Early or Late Conflict Settlement in a Variety of Games - An Experimental Study -

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  • Vital Anderhub
  • Werner Güth
  • Nadège Marchand

Abstract

The game theoretic prediction for alternating offer bargaining depends crucially on how "the pie'' changes over time, and whether the proposer in an early round has ultimatum power. We experimentally study eight such games. Each game is once repeated before being followed by the next one, which defines a cycle of altogether 16 successive plays. Participants play three such cycles. There are no major experience effects but strong and reliable effects of anticipated rule changes. The latter, however, are not due to strategic considerations but rather to the social norms of fairness and efficiency." La théorie des jeux prédit que la résolution des jeux de négociation séquentielle dépend essentiellement de l'évolution de la rente à partager dans le temps (taux d'escompte), et du pouvoir d'ultimatum de l'offreur à la première période. Nous étudions à l'aide de la méthode expérimentale huit jeux de négociation séquentielle afin d'évaluer l'impact du pouvoir de négociation et du taux d'escompte sur les comportements. Chaque jeu est répété une fois avant de passer à un nouveau jeu, notre test est composé de cycle composé de 16 jeux consécutifs. Les participants ont été confrontés à 3 cycles. Au cours du test, aucun effet d'expérience lié à la répétition des jeux n'a été détecté. Les participants ont adopté un comportement stable et robuste d'anticipation des changements de règle de jeu. Les stratégies mises en ?uvre font référence à des considérations, non stratégiques, basées à la fois sur des normes sociales d'équité et d'efficience.

Suggested Citation

  • Vital Anderhub & Werner Güth & Nadège Marchand, 2002. "Early or Late Conflict Settlement in a Variety of Games - An Experimental Study -," CIRANO Working Papers 2002s-65, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2002s-65
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Alternating bargaining games; ultimatum; Jeux de négociation séquentiels; ultimatum;

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