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Restructuring And Economic Performance: The Experience Of The Tunisian Economy

  • Sofiane Ghali
  • Pierre Mohnen

This paper aims at identifying the sources of comparative advantage and the bottlenecks of the Tunisian economy. By using an activity analysis model and yearly data on the input-output structure and the factor endowments, the paper determines the evolution of the potential of the Tunisian economy between 1983 and 1996 and some of its key aspects that the industrial restructuring program of 1996 could improve or reinforce. The analysis sheds light on the scarcity of various types of labor, in particular of qualified labor. Cette étude cherche à identifier les sources d'avantage comparatif et les goulots d'étranglement en Tunisie. En utilisant un modèle d'analyse d'activités et des données annuelles de tableaux entrée-sortie et de dotations en facteurs, cette étude détermine l'évolution du potentiel de l'économie tunisienne entre 1983 et 1996 et les améliorations que pourrait y apporter le programme de mise-à-niveau industriel introduit en 1996. L'analyse montre aussi s'il existe des carences de différents types de main-d'?uvre, en particulier du travail qualifié.

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File URL: http://www.cirano.qc.ca/files/publications/2002s-26.pdf
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Paper provided by CIRANO in its series CIRANO Working Papers with number 2002s-26.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: 01 Mar 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2002s-26
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  1. Kalaitzidakis, P. & Mamuneas, T.P. & Savvides, A. & Stengos, T., 2000. "Measures of Human Capital and Nonlinearities in Economic Growth," Working Papers 2000-5, University of Guelph, Department of Economics and Finance.
  2. T. Paul Schultz, 1999. "Health and Schooling Investments in Africa," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 13(3), pages 67-88, Summer.
  3. Alan B. Krueger & Mikael Lindahl, 2000. "Education for Growth: Why and For Whom?," NBER Working Papers 7591, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. T. Ten Raa & Pierre Mohnen, 1992. "Neoclassical Input-Output analysis," Cahiers de recherche du Département des sciences économiques, UQAM 9204, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences économiques.
  5. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
  6. Diewart, W Erwin & Morrison, Catherine J, 1986. "Adjusting Output and Productivity Indexes for Changes in the Terms of Trade," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 96(383), pages 659-79, September.
  7. Pierre Mohnen, 1992. "International R&D Spillovers," Cahiers de recherche du Département des sciences économiques, UQAM 9208, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences économiques.
  8. Francesco Caselli & Gerardo Esquivel & Fernando Lefort, 1997. "Reopening the Convergence Debate: A New Look at Cross-Country Growth Empirics," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 03, Central Bank of Chile.
  9. Christopher A. Pissarides, 2000. "Human Capital and Growth: A Synthesis Report," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 168, OECD Publishing.
  10. Paul Romer, 1989. "Endogenous Technological Change," NBER Working Papers 3210, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Gerwin Bell & M. Zühtü Yücelik & Paul Duran & Saleh M. Nsouli & Sena Eken, 1993. "The Path to Convertibility and Growth; The Tunisian Experience," IMF Occasional Papers 109, International Monetary Fund.
  12. Ten Raa, T. & Mohnen, P., 2000. "Neoclassical Growth Accounting and Frontier Analysis : A Synthesis," Discussion Paper 2000-67, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  13. Topel, Robert, 1999. "Labor markets and economic growth," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 44, pages 2943-2984 Elsevier.
  14. Rama, Martin, 1998. "How Bad Is Unemployment in Tunisia? Assessing Labor Market Efficiency in a Developing Country," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 13(1), pages 59-77, February.
  15. ten Raa, Thijs, 1994. "On the methodology of input-output analysis," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 3-25, February.
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