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Do Trade Agreements Stimulate International Trade Differently? Evidence from 296 Trade Agreements

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  • Tristan Kohl
  • Steven Brakman
  • Harry Garretsen

Abstract

In a seminal paper, Rose (2004) found that the assumed positive impact of the WTO on international trade was questionable. This finding has been scrutinized and modified in subsequent research, using different datasets, econometric methods and separating the WTO from other forms of trade agreements. A key characteristic of this literature is the rather simplistic way in which trade agreements are treated whereby all trade agreements are lumped together. Trade agreements come, however, in many different forms and shapes. This paper addresses these differences in trade agreements. Using a unique database of 296 trade agreements, we distinguish 17 trade-related policy domains, 9 indicators of institutional quality and indicate whether the agreements contain legally enforceable commitments. This extensive and novel taxonomy of trade agreements enables us to allow for the possible heterogeneity of the impact of trade agreements on international trade. Using a gravity model, we find that trade agreement heterogeneity indeed matters for international trade, both positively and negatively.

Suggested Citation

  • Tristan Kohl & Steven Brakman & Harry Garretsen, 2013. "Do Trade Agreements Stimulate International Trade Differently? Evidence from 296 Trade Agreements," CESifo Working Paper Series 4243, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4243
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Dominique Bruhn, 2015. "Coverage and enforceability of investment rules in PTAs: the role of global value chain trade and regulatory differences," FIW Working Paper series 142, FIW.
    2. Scott L. Baier & Yoto V. Yotov & Thomas Zylkin, 2016. "On the Widely Differing Effects of Free Trade Agreements: Lessons from Twenty Years of Trade Integration," CESifo Working Paper Series 6174, CESifo Group Munich.
    3. Sébastien Jean & Jean-Christophe Bureau, 2016. "Do regional trade agreements really boost trade? Evidence from agricultural products," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 152(3), pages 477-499, August.
    4. Hinz, Julian, 2017. "The ties that bind: Geopolitical motivations for economic integration," Kiel Working Papers 2085, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    5. Samuel Standaert & Glenn Rayp, 2015. "Trade Integration And Trade Agreements:Resolving The Endogeneity Problem Through A Qualitative Var," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 15/912, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    6. David J. Kuenzel, 2017. "Do Trade Flows Respond to Nudges? Evidence from the WTO’s Trade Policy Review Mechanism," Wesleyan Economics Working Papers 2017-006, Wesleyan University, Department of Economics.
    7. Luis Florensa & Laura Márquez-Ramos & María Recalde, 2015. "The effect of economic integration and institutional quality of trade agreements on trade margins: evidence for Latin America," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 151(2), pages 329-351, May.
    8. Tristan Kohl, 2014. "Do we really know that trade agreements increase trade?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 150(3), pages 443-469, August.
    9. Swati Dhingra & Rebecca Freeman & Eleonora Mavroeidi, 2018. "Beyond Tariff Reductions: What Extra Boost From Trade Agreement Provisions?," CEP Discussion Papers dp1532, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    10. Huang, Ho-Chuan & Lin, Pei-Chien, 2016. "The trade effects of counter-cyclical fiscal policies," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 82-95.
    11. Mariko Klasing & Petros Milionis & Robert Zymek, 2015. "Gravity across Space and Time," ESE Discussion Papers 265, Edinburgh School of Economics, University of Edinburgh.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    trade agreements; gravity model; international trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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