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Does Innovation Cause Exports? Evidence from Exogenous Innovation Impulses and Obstacles

  • Stefan Lachenmaier
  • Ludger Woessmann

Trade and growth theories predict a mutual causation of innovation and exports. We test empirically whether innovation causes exports using a uniquely rich German micro dataset. Our instrumental-variable strategy identifies variation in innovative activity that is caused by specific impulses and obstacles reported by the firms, which can reasonably be viewed as exogenous to firms’ export performance. We find that innovation attributable to this variation leads to an increase of roughly 7 percentage points in the export share of German manufacturing firms. The evidence is robust to several alternative specifications, similar for product and process innovations, and heterogeneous across sectors.

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Paper provided by CESifo Group Munich in its series CESifo Working Paper Series with number 1178.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_1178
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  25. Seev Hirsch & Ilan Bijaoui, 1985. "R&D intensity and export performance: A micro view," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 121(2), pages 238-251, June.
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  29. Simon Kuznets, 1962. "Inventive Activity: Problems of Definition and Measurement," NBER Chapters, in: The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, pages 19-52 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  30. Alessandro STERLACCHINI, 1998. "Do innovative activities matter to small firms in non-R&D-intensive industries? An application to export performances," Working Papers 109, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
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