Robust Estimation of ARMA Models with Near Root Cancellation
Standard estimation of ARMA models in which the AR and MA roots nearly cancel, so that individual coefficients are only weakly identified, often produces inferential ranges for individual coefficients that give a spurious appearance of accuracy. We remedy this problem with a model that mixes inferential ranges from the estimated model with those of a more parsimonious model. The mixing probability is derived using Bayesian methods, but we show that the method works well in both Bayesian and frequentist setups. In particular, we show that our mixture procedure weights standard results heavily when given data from a well-identified ARMA model (which does not exhibit near root cancellation) and weights heavily an uninformative inferential region when given data from a weakly-identified ARMA model (with near root cancellation). When our procedure is applied to a well-identified process the investigator gets the â€œusual results,â€ so there is no important statistical cost to using our procedure. On the other hand, when our procedure is applied to a weakly-identified process, the investigator learns that the data tell us little about the parametersâ€”and is thus protected against making spurious inferences. We recommend that mixture models be computed routinely when inference about ARMA coefficients is of interest.
|Date of creation:||15 May 2012|
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