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The Economics of Securitization: Evidence from the European Markets

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  • João Pinto

    () (Faculdade de Economia e Gestão - Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Porto)

Abstract

Securitization is the process whereby financial assets are pooled together, with their cash flows, and sold to a specially created third party that has borrowed money to finance the purchase. The borrowed funds are raised through the sale of securities, in the form of debt instruments, into the market. Securitization is thus a technique used to transform illiquid assets into securities. Securitization creates value by increasing liquidity and funding, reducing the cost of funding, allowing originators to reach a funding sources diversification, improving originators’ risk management, increasing the segmentation between the origination and investment functions, and allowing originators to benefit from regulatory (and/or tax) arbitrage and to improve key financial ratios. Although the economic advantages, securitization also has problems, especially when used inappropriately. Considering the important role played by securitization in the development and propagation of the 2007/2008 financial crisis, the most commonly referred problems of securitization are complexity, off-balance sheet treatment, asymmetric information problems, agency problems, and higher transaction costs. Besides describing the economic motivations and problems of securitization, this paper provides details on asset securitization characteristics and players, presents the recent trends of securitization markets, describes the role played by securitization in the 2007/2008 financial crisis, and provides some statistics of asset securitization activity in Western Europe between 2000 and 2013.

Suggested Citation

  • João Pinto, 2014. "The Economics of Securitization: Evidence from the European Markets," Working Papers de Economia (Economics Working Papers) 02, Católica Porto Business School, Universidade Católica Portuguesa.
  • Handle: RePEc:cap:wpaper:022014
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. João M. Pinto & Mafalda C. Correia, 2017. "Are Covered Bonds Different from Asset Securitization Bonds?," Working Papers de Gestão (Management Working Papers) 01, Católica Porto Business School, Universidade Católica Portuguesa.
    2. Gabriela Victoria ANGHELACHE & Madalina – Gabriela Anghel & Daniel DUMITRESCU & Marius POPOVICI, 2016. "The International Framework of macro-prudential Supervision of Financial-Banking Markets," Romanian Statistical Review Supplement, Romanian Statistical Review, vol. 64(5), pages 73-78, May.
    3. Madalina Anghel & Diana Dumitrescu & Daniel Dumitrescu & Georgiana Nita, 2016. "Role of banks in in European funds absorptionto maintain macroeconomic stability," Romanian Statistical Review Supplement, Romanian Statistical Review, vol. 64(9), pages 43-49, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    securitization; structured finance; financial crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage

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