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Las finanzas públicas de Cartagena, 2001 – 2018

Author

Listed:
  • Jaime Bonet-Morón

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Yuri Reina-Aranza

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Lucas Wilfried Hahn-De-Castro

    () (Banco de la República de Colombia)

Abstract

Este trabajo analiza la evolución de los ingresos, gastos y deuda pública de Cartagena en el periodo 2001 – 2018, considerando la crisis gubernamental experimentada debido a varios cambios de mandatario local durante los últimos siete años. Los resultados muestran que, a pesar de la crisis de gobierno, los ingresos fiscales mantuvieron el crecimiento durante los años analizados. En cambio, el ritmo de crecimiento del gasto público distrital fue menor, específicamente el destinado a inversión. Al comparar los gastos per cápita con el agregado de las 13 principales ciudades, las capitales del Caribe y Barranquilla, Cartagena exhibió un rezago que resulta en parte por el menor avance en los últimos siete años. Los ingresos disponibles continúan siendo inferiores al costo estimado de las necesidades de inversion social y de infraestructura. Las proyecciones de los ingresos tributarios muestran que con una mayor gestión administrativa que aumente la recaudación efectiva frente a la potencial, es posible generar recursos que podrían ayudar a financiar los proyectos requeridos. **** ABSTRACT: This paper analyzes the evolution of Cartagena's revenues, expenses and public debt in the period 2001-2018, considering the governmental crisis experienced due to several changes in local mayors during the last seven years. The results show, although the government crisis, fiscal revenues grow during the years analyzed. On the other hand, the growth rate of district public spending was lower, specifically the investment destination. When comparing the Cartagena´s per capita expenses to the aggregate of the 13 main cities, the departmental capitals of the Caribbean region, and Barranquilla, Cartagena exhibited a lag that resulted in part from the minor advance in the last seven years. The city´s disposable income continues to be lower than the estimated cost of social investment and infrastructure needs. The projections of tax revenues indicate that some improvement in the management of tax´s collection could help to close the gap between effective and potential revenues. By this way, it is possible to generate resources that could funded the required projects.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaime Bonet-Morón & Yuri Reina-Aranza & Lucas Wilfried Hahn-De-Castro, 2019. "Las finanzas públicas de Cartagena, 2001 – 2018," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 282, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:region:282
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.282
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.32468/dtseru.282
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jaime Bonet-Morón & Yuri Reina_Aranza, 2015. "Necesidades de inversión y escenarios fiscales en Cartagena," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 45(1), pages 131-170, June.
    2. Jaime Bonet Morón & Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena & Diana Ricciulli-Marín, 2018. "¿Hay pereza fiscal territorial en Colombia?," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, vol. 21(2), pages 247-307, December.
    3. Karina Acosta Ordoñez, 2013. "Cartagena: Entre el progreso industrial y el rezago social," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 7(1), pages 5-67, June.
    4. Jaime Bonet-Morón & Yuri Reina-Aranza, 2015. "Necesidades de inversión y escenarios fiscales en Cartagena," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 012837, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
    5. Karina Acosta, 2012. "Cartagena, entre el progreso industrial y el rezago social," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 010309, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Presupuesto; crisis gubernamental; finanzas públicas; Cartagena; Budget; government crisis; public finance; Cartagena;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H54 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Infrastructures
    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H72 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Budget and Expenditures
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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