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Cartagena, entre el progreso industrial y el rezago social

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  • Karina Acosta

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Abstract

Cartagena de Indias, located in the Colombian Caribbean coast, and capital of Bolívar department, is currently going through a defining moment in its economic history. Two of its key sectors are initiating important projects: the existing oil refinery, with and expansion and modernization of its facilities, and the port, ranked as the best one of the Colombian Caribbean, with an expansion to increase capacity and efficiency. Nevertheless, compared to the economic activity, poor improvements are shown regarding social indicators in the city. While Cartagena shows one of the highest tax revenues´ annual growth rates, the city is also on the top rank of poverty and inequality. In this paper I focus on the most recently conducted investments in Cartagena, as well as the impact on socioeconomic indicators. I also present the future perspective of the city and how local authorities and entrepreneurs see themselves contributing to the forthcoming challenges. RESUMEN: Cartagena de Indias, capital del departamento de Bolívar, actualmente está atravesando por un momento determinante en su reciente historia económica. Dos de sus sectores claves están emprendiendo proyectos definitivos: la ampliación y modernización de la refinería y la expansión del puerto, calificado como el mejor puerto del Caribe. No obstante, su situación social presenta avances menos notorios que su actividad económica. El documento presenta una caracterización de ese desarrollo industrial y portuario de Cartagena, así como algunos de sus indicadores sociales. Los resultados muestran que la ciudad se ha especializado en el sector petroquímico-plástico, a su vez, se ha posicionado como una de las principales ciudades colombianas con mejor crecimiento anual de ingresos tributarios en los últimos años. Pese a esto, la pobreza y desigualdad social siguen siendo persistentemente altas. Uno de los indicadores sociales en los que ha habido mayor incidencia positiva es la vinculación laboral, aunque principalmente temporal. Con esto se busca mostrar una perspectiva de la ciudad, así como los retos que tiene por superar.

Suggested Citation

  • Karina Acosta, 2012. "Cartagena, entre el progreso industrial y el rezago social," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 010309, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:010309
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Otero-Cortés, Andrea Sofía, 2013. "El puerto de Barranquilla : retos y recomendaciones," Chapters, in: Cepeda-Emiliani, Laura (ed.), La economía de Barranquilla a comienzos del siglo XXI, chapter 6, pages 229-258, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
    3. Henderson, J V, 1974. "The Sizes and Types of Cities," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 64(4), pages 640-656, September.
    4. Pérez-Valbuena, Gerson Javier & Salazar-Mejía, Irene, 2008. "La pobreza en Cartagena : un análisis por barrios," Chapters, in: Meisel-Roca, Adolfo (ed.), La economía y el capital humano de Cartagena de Indias, chapter 1, pages 9-49, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jaime Bonet-Morón & Yuri Reina-Aranza & Lucas Wilfried Hahn-De-Castro, 2019. "Las finanzas públicas de Cartagena, 2001 – 2018," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 282, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Gerson Javier Pérez Valbuena, 2015. "[Reseña] Desafíos y oportunidades para el departamento de Bolívar," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 9(1), pages 271-277, June.
    3. Jhorland Ayala García & Adolfo Meisel Roca, 2016. "La exclusión en los tiempos del auge: El caso de Cartagena," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 10(2), pages 7-43, December.
    4. Janice Domínguez Machado & María Alejandra Vélez Senior, 2014. "El proyecto de la nueva Base Naval de Cartagena en Tierrabomba: Gobernanza ambiental y participación ciudadana," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 8(2), pages 115-138, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cartagena; crecimiento económico; refinería; petroquímica; puerto ydesarrollo social.;

    JEL classification:

    • H72 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Budget and Expenditures
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General

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