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Estructura vertical de la industria manufacturera colombiana entre 1990 - 2013

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Abstract

Este documento analiza los cambios ocurridos en la estructura vertical de la industria colombiana entre 1990 y 2013. Primero, se reitera el cálculo del tamaño total de la industria propuesto por Carranza y Moreno (2013) y se encuentra que la cadena industrial representa 33.6% del PIB. Segundo, se realiza un análisis por sectores con la información de las matrices oferta - utilización de las Cuentas Nacionales del DANE y se observa que aquellos sectores que se desintegraron entre 1994 y 2005 son también los sectores que incrementaron sus compras de servicios y disminuyeron sus gastos en asalariados. Finalmente, con información de la Superintendencia de Sociedades, se encuentra que las firmas industriales de la muestra tercerizan con mayor intensidad los procesos intensivos en mano de obra, por medio de la contratación de temporales y de firmas de servicios. Además, las firmas industriales más desintegradas están relacionadas con mayor concentración regional de firmas proveedoras de servicios a las empresas, servicios de alquiler de maquinaria y equipo, intermediación financiera o comercializadoras al por menor.

Suggested Citation

  • Stefany Moreno Burbano, 2016. "Estructura vertical de la industria manufacturera colombiana entre 1990 - 2013," Borradores de Economia 925, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:925
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    Keywords

    industria; estructura vertical; servicios; tercearización;

    JEL classification:

    • L24 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Contracting Out; Joint Ventures
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • L86 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Information and Internet Services; Computer Software

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