Market Size and Vertical Integration: Stigler's Hypothesis Reconsidered
According to Stigler (1951), vertical disintegration should be the typical development in growing industries, vertical integration in declining industries. The basic argument is that firms will spin off production stages subject to increasing returns to scale in response to market growth. This paper re-examines Stigler's hypothesis within an equilibrium model of industrial structure in which the organization of firms is endogenous. Stigler's hypothesis is confirmed when entry into markets is free and firms compete. However, when entry into the intermediate good market is restricted, or intermediate good producers collude, vertical integration increases with market size. Copyright 2002 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd
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Volume (Year): 50 (2002)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
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