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Por qué ha Crecido el Gasto Público?

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  • carlos E. Posada

Abstract

Es evidente la preocupación actual entre analistas y responsables de la política económica colombiana por las finanzas públicas del país. La preocupación tiene dos dimensiones: Las perspectivas sobre la suerte futura del déficit del sector público asociada a los ingresos y erogaciones del sistema de seguridad social, y el crecimiento casi continuo del gasto público total, más intenso que el del producto interno bruto, por lo menos desde los años 50. Puesto que el país ha venido soportando una o dos reformas tributarias por cuatrenio gubernamental en los últimos decenios, incluyendo en una de las más recientes el aumento de las cotizaciones a la seguridad social, la percepción general entre quienes tienen la mencionada preocupación parece inclinarse hacía el examen del gasto público, sin duda con la esperanza de que el freno a su expansión y algunos cambios en su composición permitan que la situación fiscal permanezca bajo control. ¿Por qué ha crecido el gasto público? en las páginas siguientes se ofrece una respuesta. Pero la respuesta es, apenas, una conjetura y se ubica en un nivel de abstracción bastante alto, quizás excesivamente alto a juicio de los lectores. Con todo, creo que la respuesta es útil para tratar de estimular nuevas reflexiones en vista de que tradicionalmente se ha considerado, en Colombia, que el gasto público es un dato exógeno, desde el punto de vista del economista, y que el gobierno es un ser benevolente que sólo por insuficiente información,"desgreño administrativo e imposiciones jurídicas podría ejecutar un gasto público excesivo o ineficiente. Esto en cuanto al contenido. Por su forma, este documento es una nota académica. En el cuerpo central la nota se expresa de manera informal y, aparentemente, más sencilla. En el anexo toma forma matemática.

Suggested Citation

  • carlos E. Posada, 1996. "Por qué ha Crecido el Gasto Público?," Borradores de Economia 051, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:051
    DOI: 10.32468/be.51
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    7. Carlos A. Medina D. & Hernando Moreno G., 1995. "Desigualdad en la distribución del ingreso urbano en Colombia: un análisis de descomposición del coeficiente Gini," Coyuntura Social 013224, Fedesarrollo.
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    1. Camilo Alvis & Cristian Castrillón, 2013. "Tamano óptimo del gasto público colombiano: una aproximación desde la teoría del crecimiento endógeno," Revista Cuadernos de Economía, Universidad Nacional de Colombia -FCE - CID, December.

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