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Choosing the type of income-contingent loan: risk-sharing versus risk-pooling

  • Maria Racionero
  • Elena Del Rey

We study the relative preference for risk-sharing or risk-pooling income-contingent loans for higher education of risk-averse individuals who differ in their ability to benefit from education and inherited wealth. We then analyse the outcome of a majority vote between the two income-contingent schemes. We provide examples where the risk-pooling income-contingent loan is preferred by a majority. The implementation of risk-pooling schemes may however face adverse selection problems, which may be particularly relevant in the presence of student mobility. We explore the implications of allowing students to choose whether to have their loan insured in a risk-pooling fashion or not insured. We show that access to risk-pooling income-contingent loans can sometimes be guaranteed without resorting to coercion.

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Paper provided by Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 671.

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Date of creation: Nov 2012
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Handle: RePEc:auu:dpaper:671
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  1. Poutvaara, Panu, 2004. "Educating Europe: Should Public Education be Financed with Graduate Taxes or Income-contingent Loans?," Munich Reprints in Economics 19296, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  2. Maria Racionero & Elena Del Rey, 2006. "Financing schemes for higher education," ANU Working Papers in Economics and Econometrics 2006-460, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics.
  3. Rainald Borck & Martin Wimbersky, 2009. "Political Economics of Higher Education Finance," CESifo Working Paper Series 2829, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. Bruce Chapman, 2005. "Income Contingent Loans for Higher Education: International Reform," CEPR Discussion Papers 491, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
  5. Panu Poutvaara, 2008. "Public and Private Education in an Integrated Europe: Studying to Migrate and Teaching to Stay?," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 110(3), pages 591-608, 09.
  6. Gabrielle Demange & Robert Fenge & Silke Uebelmesser, 2014. "Financing Higher Education in a Mobile World," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 16(3), pages 343-371, 06.
  7. Nerlove, Marc L, 1975. "Some Problems in the Use of Income-contingent Loans for the Finance of Higher Education," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 83(1), pages 157-83, February.
  8. Kemnitz, Alexander, 2007. "Educational Federalism and the Quality Effects of Tuition Fees," Dresden Discussion Paper Series in Economics 08/07, Dresden University of Technology, Faculty of Business and Economics, Department of Economics.
  9. De Fraja, Gianni, 2001. "Education Policies: Equity, Efficiency and Voting Equilibrium," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 111(471), pages C104-19, May.
  10. Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia & Walde, Klaus, 2000. "Efficiency and Equity Effects of Subsidies to Higher Education," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 52(4), pages 702-22, October.
  11. Elena Del Rey & Maria Racionero, 2011. "Voting on income-contingent loans for higher education," ANU Working Papers in Economics and Econometrics 2011-549, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics.
  12. Panu Poutvaara, 2004. "Educating Europe," CESifo Working Paper Series 1114, CESifo Group Munich.
  13. Thomas Lange, 2009. "Public Funding of Higher Education when Students and Skilled Workers are Mobile," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 65(2), pages 178-199, June.
  14. Dan Anderberg & Alessandro Balestrino, 2008. "The Political Economy of Post-Compulsory Education Policy with Endogenous Credit Constraints," CESifo Working Paper Series 2304, CESifo Group Munich.
  15. Elena Del Rey, 2011. "Deferring higher education fees without relying on contributions from non-students," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(5), pages 510-521, May.
  16. Poutvaara, Panu, 2001. "Alternative tax constitutions and risky education in a federation," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(2-3), pages 355-377, April.
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