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The multiplicity of goals in tree-cultivating farms in Greece


  • Pavlos Karanikolas

    () (Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Agricultural University of Athens)

  • Stelios Rozakis

    () (Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Agricultural University of Athens)

  • Dimitris Kremmydas

    () (Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Agricultural University of Athens)


The aim of this study is the elicitation of farmers’ goals through a multi-criteria weighted programming model. This is pursued in the area of Ancient Epidaurus (Peloponnesus), where farming systems comprise various combinations of tree crops, such as olive-, orange- and mandarin- groves. The analysis is carried out at the level of four representative farms, whose members have a multiplicity of on- and off- farm employment opportunities. Research findings indicate that farms with tree crops aim at the achievement of multiple goals. Both components of the composite entity family farm/farm household are represented at the decision-making process, by means of including manifold objectives. Minimization of variable expenses and attainment of a living standardareprioritized as the most important ones. The identification of sets of hierarchical goals for different types of farms/households goes beyond the conventional-simplistic hypothesis of profit maximization in all different farm entities, pointing towards a satisficing behavior.

Suggested Citation

  • Pavlos Karanikolas & Stelios Rozakis & Dimitris Kremmydas, 2013. "The multiplicity of goals in tree-cultivating farms in Greece," Working Papers 2013-2, Agricultural University of Athens, Department Of Agricultural Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:aua:wpaper:2013-2

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Arriaza, M. & Gomez-Limon, J. A., 2003. "Comparative performance of selected mathematical programming models," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 77(2), pages 155-171, August.
    2. J. Brassier & E. Chia & E. Marshall & M. Petit, 1991. "Gestion de l'exploitation agricole familiale et pratiques des agriculteurs: Vers une nouvelle théorie de la gestion," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 39(2), pages 119-135, July.
    3. Berbel, J. & Rodriguez-Ocana, A., 1998. "An MCDM approach to production analysis: An application to irrigated farms in Southern Spain," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 107(1), pages 108-118, May.
    4. Oliver Musshoff & Norbert Hirschauer, 2011. "A behavioral economic analysis of bounded rationality in farm financing decisions: First empirical evidence," Agricultural Finance Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 71(1), pages 62-83, May.
    5. Simon, Herbert A, 1979. "Rational Decision Making in Business Organizations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(4), pages 493-513, September.
    6. D. Latinopoulos, 2008. "Estimating the Potential Impacts of Irrigation Water Pricing Using Multicriteria Decision Making Modelling. An Application to Northern Greece," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 22(12), pages 1761-1782, December.
    7. Gomez-Limon, Jose A. & Arriaza, Manuel & Riesgo, Laura, 2003. "An MCDM analysis of agricultural risk aversion," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 151(3), pages 569-585, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dimitris Kremmydas & Stelios Rozakis & Ioannis N. Athanasiadis, 2015. "Dealing with farm heterogeneity on modeling agricultural policy: An Agent Based Modeling Approach," Working Papers 2015-3, Agricultural University of Athens, Department Of Agricultural Economics.

    More about this item


    Farmers’ objectives; goal programming; satisficing; bounded rationality; Argolida; Greece;

    JEL classification:

    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • B5 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis

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