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Transmisión educativa intergeneracional en el Perú: un cálculo para las generaciones nacidas entre 1950-1989

Author

Listed:
  • Javier Torres

    (Universidad del Pacífico)

  • Fiorella Parra

    (Universidad del Pacífico)

  • Jorge Rubio

    (Universidad del Pacífico)

Abstract

Este estudio estima la relación entre los años de educación de padres e hijos. Se observa a las generaciones nacidas entre 1950 y 1989 en el Perú, utilizando múltiples años de la Encuesta Nacional de Hogares. Ello nos permite analizar con mayor detalle la evolución general de la movilidad social en el país, así como la de diferentes grupos demográficos, geográficos y étnicos durante la segunda mitad del siglo XX. Se encuentra que la relación entre el nivel educativo de los padres para con sus hijos es positiva y significativa a lo largo de todo el periodo analizado. Sin embargo, el coeficiente beta de transmisión educativa intergeneracional disminuye marcadamente a través de las décadas estudiadas; es decir, se observa un aumento del grado de movilidad y oportunidades de mejora educativa. El coeficiente beta de transmisión es bastante elevado (0.73) para aquellos que nacieron entre 1950 y 1959, pero menor a 0.45 para aquellos que nacieron entre 1980 y 1989.

Suggested Citation

  • Javier Torres & Fiorella Parra & Jorge Rubio, 2017. "Transmisión educativa intergeneracional en el Perú: un cálculo para las generaciones nacidas entre 1950-1989," Working Papers 2017-101, Peruvian Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:apc:wpaper:2017-101
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Movilidad social; oportunidades socioeconómicas; transmisión educativa intergeneracional;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion

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