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An ecological theory of population-level organizational diversity

  • BOONE, Christophe
  • WEZEL, Filippo Carlo
  • VAN WITTELOOSTUIJN, Arjen
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    The question as to the evolution of population-level organizational diversity is at the heart of macro-level organizational sociology. However, the number of studies that direct this question explicitly is very limited, particularly in the empirical arena. We suggest a diversity-dependence theory that maps the macro-level evolution of organizational diversity with the micro-level events of entry and exit. We develop hypotheses as to the decision where to locate in product space by new entrants, as well as the likelihood of exit by incumbent firms given their location in product space. The key argument is that the micro-level entrants’ location decision and incumbents’ exit likelihood are both conditional upon macro-level organizational diversity, and that these events affect the evolution of population-level organizational diversity. Our hypotheses are tested in the British motorcycle industry in the 1895-1993 period, where we find support for our theory.

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    File URL: https://www.uantwerpen.be/images/uantwerpen/container1244/files/TEW%20-%20Onderzoek/Working%20Papers/RPS/2007/RPS-2007-003.pdf
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    Paper provided by University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2007003.

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    Length: 76 pages
    Date of creation: Mar 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ant:wpaper:2007003
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    Web page: https://www.uantwerp.be/en/faculties/applied-economic-sciences/

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    1. Michael Spence, 1973. "Job Market Signaling," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 87(3), pages 355-374.
    2. Kaiser, Ulrich, 1999. "Measuring Knowledge Spillovers in Manufacturing and Services: An Empirical Assessment of Alternative Approaches," ZEW Discussion Papers 99-62, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    3. Mata, Jose & Portugal, Pedro, 1994. "Life Duration of New Firms," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(3), pages 227-45, September.
    4. Zoltan Acs & Catherine Armington, 2004. "Employment Growth and Entrepreneurial Activity in Cities," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(8), pages 911-927.
    5. Christophe Boone & Arjen van Witteloostuijn, 2004. "A unified theory of market partitioning: an integration of resource-partitioning and sunk cost theories," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(5), pages 701-725, October.
    6. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-38, May.
    7. José Mata & Pedro Portugal, 2001. "The Survival of New Domestic and Foreign Owned Firms," Working Papers w200101, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    8. van Witteloostuijn, Arjen & van Wegberg, Marc, 1992. "Multimarket competition : Theory and evidence," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 273-282, July.
    9. Christophe Boone & Glenn R. Carroll & Arjen van Witteloostuijn, 2004. "Size, differentiation and the performance of Dutch daily newspapers," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(1), pages 117-148, February.
    10. W. Chan Kim & Renée Mauborgne, 1998. "Abstract," Strategic Management Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(4), pages 323-338, 04.
    11. R. E. Caves & M. E. Porter, 1977. "From Entry Barriers to Mobility Barriers: Conjectural Decisions and Contrived Deterrence to New Competition," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 91(2), pages 241-261.
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