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Organizing Diversity: Evolutionary Theory, Network Analysis and Postsocialism

  • Gernot Grabher
  • David Stark
Registered author(s):

    GRABHER G. and STARK D. (1997) Organizing diversity: evolutionary theory, network analysis and postsocialism, Reg. Studies 31, 533-544. In contrast to the dominant transition framework that examines organizational forms in Eastern Europe according to the degree to which they conform to, or depart from the blueprints of already existing capitalisms, this paper examines the innovative character, born of necessity, in which actors in the postsocialist setting are restructuring by redefining and recombining resources. Instead of conceiving these recombinations as accidental aberrations, it explores their evolutionary potentials. Its starting premise is that the actual unit of entrepreneurship is not the isolated individual personality but the social networks that link firms and the actors within them. Drawing on recent developments in evolutionary theory, it cautions that although allencompassing privatization and marketization might foster adaptation in the short run, the consequent loss of organizational diversity will impede adaptability in the long run. GRABHER G. et STARK D. (1997) L'organisation de la diversite: la theorie evolutionniste, l'analyse de reseau et le post-socialisme, Reg. Studies 31, 533-544. Par rapport au cadre de transition dominante qui examine des formes d'organisation en Europe de l'Est en fonction de la mesure ou elles s'adaptent ou s'ecartent des schemas directeurs des capitalismes actuels, cet article examine le caractere innovateur, nepar la force des choses, dans lequel les acteurs a l'epoque post-socialiste restructurent en definissant et en combinant de facon differente les ressources. Au lieu de concevoir ces nouvelles combinaisons en tant qu'aberrations fortuites, il examine leur potentiel evolutionniste. Le point de depart c'est le fait que l'unitede l'esprit d'entreprise n'est pas l'individu mais plutot les reseaux sociaux qui relient les entreprises et les acteurs en dedans. Puisant dans des developpements recents dans le domaine de la theorie evolutionniste, il previent qu'il en resultera une perte de diversite d'organisation qui empechera a terme l'adaptation, bien que les politiques globales de la privatisation et du developpement des economies de marche pourraient encourager l'adaptation a court terme. GRABHER G. und STARK D. (1997) Die Organisation von Diversita�t: Evolutionstheorie, Netzwerkanalyse und Postsozialismus, Reg. Studies 31, 533-544. Die dominierende Transformationsliteratur beschra�nkt sich vor allem darauf, die osteuropa�ischen Organisationsformen nach dem Grad ihrer U�bereinstimmung mit den vertrauten Blaupausen etablierter Kapitalismusvarianten zu bewerten. Im Gegensatz dazu untersucht dieser Beitrag den innovativen Charakter dieser - aus Not geborenen - postsozialistischen Organisationsformen, die von Akteuren durch die Redefinition und Rekombination von Ressourcen restrukturiert werden. Anstatt diese Rekombinationen als zufa�llige Abweichungen zu betrachten, erkundet dieser Artikel ihre evolutiona�ren Potentiale. Er geht davon aus, dass Entrepreneurship nicht auf der Ebene isolierter Einzelperso�nlichkeiten zu konzeptualisieren ist, sondern auf der Ebene der sozialen Netzwerke, die Unternehmen und Akteure miteinander verbinden. Aufbauend auf neueren Entwicklungen in der Evolutionstheorie verweist dieser Artikel darauf, dass eine umfassende Privatisierung und Durchsetzung von Marktprinzipien zwar kurzfristig die Anpassung erho�hen mag, allerdings der damit einhergehende Verlust an organisatorischer Diversita�t langfristig die Anpassungsfa�higkeit beeintra�chtigt.

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 31 (1997)
    Issue (Month): 5 ()
    Pages: 533-544

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:31:y:1997:i:5:p:533-544
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