IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Non-Purchasing Households In Food Expenditure Surveys: An Analysis For Potatoes In Sweden


  • Andersson, Mari
  • Senauer, Benjamin


A common problem in food expenditure surveys is that many households report not purchasing some products. Usually the reason for these zero expenditures is unknown. The issue may be treated as a potential sample selection bias problem. This study estimates Engel functions for expenditures for fresh potatoes, processed products, and the value of home-grown potatoes with data from the 1989 Swedish Household Food Expenditure Survey. The two-step Heckman procedure is used. A strong generational pattern is found in potato consumption as well as several other significant effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Andersson, Mari & Senauer, Benjamin, 1994. "Non-Purchasing Households In Food Expenditure Surveys: An Analysis For Potatoes In Sweden," Staff Papers 13232, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:umaesp:13232
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.13232

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Deaton, Angus & Irish, Margaret, 1984. "Statistical models for zero expenditures in household budgets," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(1-2), pages 59-80.
    2. Rueben C. Buse & Larry E. Salathe, 1978. "Adult Equivalent Scales: An Alternative Approach," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 60(3), pages 460-468.
    3. Smallwood, David & Blaylock, James R., 1981. "Impact of Household Size and Income on Food Spending Patterns," Technical Bulletins 157048, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    4. Amemiya, Takeshi, 1984. "Tobit models: A survey," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1-2), pages 3-61.
    5. Cragg, John G, 1971. "Some Statistical Models for Limited Dependent Variables with Application to the Demand for Durable Goods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 39(5), pages 829-844, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Ekman, Sone & Andersson, Hans, 1998. "The economics of on-farm processing: model development and an empirical analysis," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 18(2), pages 177-189, March.
    2. Mihalopoulos, Vassilis & Demoussis, Michael, 2000. "Consumption Profiles for Various Food Groups in Greece," Agricultural Economics Review, Greek Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 1(2), pages 1-12, August.
    3. Panagiotis Lazaridis, 2004. "Demand elasticities derived from consistent estimation of Heckman-type models," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(8), pages 523-527.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:umaesp:13232. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.