IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Distinguishing between Market Participation and Infrequency of Purchase Models of Butter Demand


  • Noel Blisard
  • James Blaylock


Household butter expenditures are modeled by market participation and infrequency-of-purchase specifications. The market participation model assumes that zero expenditures represent either traditional corner solutions or consumers who never use the product, whereas the infrequency-of-purchase model assumes that zero expenditures represent either corner solutions or consumption out of storage. We determine that the infrequency-of-purchase specification is preferred to the market participation model by applying a nonnested test based upon likelihood functions. If household expenditure surveys contained information about participation and frequency of purchase, a likelihood function which contained both models could be written and estimated.

Suggested Citation

  • Noel Blisard & James Blaylock, 1993. "Distinguishing between Market Participation and Infrequency of Purchase Models of Butter Demand," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 75(2), pages 314-320.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:ajagec:v:75:y:1993:i:2:p:314-320.

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Kimhi, Ayal, 1996. "Household Demand for Tobacco: Identifying Reasons for Non-Purchases," Working Papers 232693, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Center for Agricultural Economic Research.
    2. Muhammad Jehangir Khan & G. M. Arif, 2016. "Household Charity in Pakistan: Magnitude, Determinants and Its Importance for the Well-being of Society," PIDE-Working Papers 2016:141, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    3. Stewart, Hayden & Dong, Diansheng, 2018. "The Relationship Between Patronizing Direct-to-Consumer Outlets and a Household’s Demand for Fruits and Vegetables," Economic Research Report 276254, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oup:ajagec:v:75:y:1993:i:2:p:314-320.. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Oxford University Press). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.