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Heterogeneous Production Efficiency of Specialized Swine Producers


  • Tonsor, Glynn T.
  • Featherstone, Allen M.


This research evaluates the efficiency of swine firms differing by specialization type and employed technologies. Measures of technical, allocative, scale, economic, and overall efficiency are separately and jointly estimated for farrow-to-finish, farrow-to-feeder, feeder-to-finish, farrow-to-weanling, weanling-to-feeder, and mixed operations. Findings confirm appreciable differences in efficiency and causes of efficiency. Results suggest that overall efficiency of farrow-to-finish and farrow-to-weanling operations is on average lower than farrow-to-feeder, feeder-to-finish, and weanling-to-feeder operations. In addition, Tobit models examining how demographic factors, farm type, and input expenses influence efficiency indicate additional variation across firm specializations. This information can help aid in making more appropriate decisions such as producers altering their input mixes or researchers evaluating the existence and implications of firm heterogeneity in an industry.

Suggested Citation

  • Tonsor, Glynn T. & Featherstone, Allen M., 2006. "Heterogeneous Production Efficiency of Specialized Swine Producers," 2006 Annual Meeting, February 5-8, 2006, Orlando, Florida 35379, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:saeaso:35379

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. McBride, William D. & Key, Nigel D., 2003. "Economic And Structural Relationships In U.S. Hog Production," Agricultural Economics Reports 33971, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    2. Michael A. Boland & George F. Patrick, 1994. "Measuring Variability of Performance Among Individual Swine Producers," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 16(1), pages 75-82.
    3. Hayri ├ľnal & Laurian Unnevehr & Aleksandar Bekric, 2000. "Regional Shifts in Pork Production: Implications for Competition and Food Safety," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 82(4), pages 968-978.
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    Cited by:

    1. Key, Nigel & McBride, William & Mosheim, Roberto, 2008. "Decomposition of Total Factor Productivity Change in the U.S. Hog Industry," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 40(01), pages 137-149, April.
    2. Key, Nigel D. & McBride, William D. & Mosheim, Roberto, 2006. "Decomposition of Total Factor Productivity Change in the U.S. Hog Industry, 1992-2004," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21323, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).


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