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Incentives for Fertilizer Use in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review of Empirical Evidence on Fertilizer Response and Profitability

  • Yanggen, David
  • Kelly, Valerie A.
  • Reardon, Thomas
  • Naseem, Anwar

This research addresses two questions: Why is fertilizer not yet fulfilling its potential as a major stimulus to agricultural productivity in SSA? What can be done to improve the situation? Our answers are based on an extensive review of fertilizer response, profitability, and policy literature as well as some analysis of crop budgets and aggregate national statistics on fertilizer consumption. Much of the debate about fertilizer use in SSA focuses on two issues: whether the profit incentive is adequate and, if so, whether farmers have the capacity to access and use it.

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Paper provided by Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics in its series Food Security International Development Working Papers with number 54677.

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Date of creation: 1998
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ags:midiwp:54677
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  1. Kelley, Valerie A. & Diagana, Bocar N. & Reardon, Thomas & Gaye, Matar & Crawford, Eric W., 1996. "Cash Crop and Foodgrain Productivity in Senegal: Historical View, New Survey Evidence, and Policy Implications," Food Security International Development Policy Syntheses 11459, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  2. Savadogo, Kimseyinga & Reardon, Thomas & Pietola, Kyosti, 1995. "Mechanization and Agricultural Supply Response in the Sahel: A Farm-Level Profit Function Analysis," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 4(3), pages 336-77, December.
  3. Block, Steven A., 1995. "The recovery of agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 385-405, October.
  4. Peter, Gregor & Runge-Metzger, Artur, 1994. "Monocropping, intercropping or crop rotation? An economic case study from the West African Guinea savannah with special reference to risk," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 123-143.
  5. Demeke, Mulat & Kelly, Valerie A. & Jayne, Thomas S. & Said, Ali & Le Vallee, Jean-Charles & Chen, H., 1998. "Agricultural Market Performance and Determinants of Fertilizer Use in Ethiopia," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 55599, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  6. Demeke, Mulat & Said, Ali & Jayne, Thomas S., 1997. "Promoting Fertilizer Use in Ethiopia: The Implications of Improving Grain Market Performance, Input Market Efficiency, and Farm Management," Food Security Collaborative Working Papers 55594, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  7. Howard, Julie A. & Jeje, Jose Jaime & Tschirley, David L. & Strasberg, Paul J. & Crawford, Eric W. & Weber, Michael T., 1998. "Is Agricultural Intensification Profitable For Mozambican Smallholders? An Appraisal of the Inputs Subsector and the 1996/97 DNER/Sg2000 Program," Food Security International Development Policy Syntheses 11396, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  8. von Braun, Joachim & Puetz, Detlev, 1987. "An African fertilizer crisis : Origin and economic effects in the Gambia," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 337-348, November.
  9. T.S. Jayne & Thomas Reardon & Yougesh Khatri & Colin Thirtle, 1994. "Determinants of Productivity Change Using a Profit Function: Smallholder Agriculture in Zimbabwe," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 76(3), pages 613-618.
  10. Reardon, Thomas, 1997. "Using evidence of household income diversification to inform study of the rural nonfarm labor market in Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 735-747, May.
  11. Matlon, Peter J., 1990. "Improving Productivity in Sorghum and Pearl Millet in Semi-Arid Africa," Food Research Institute Studies, Stanford University, Food Research Institute, issue 01.
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