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Grain Quality and Crop Breeding when Farmers Consumer their Grain: Evidence from Malawi


  • Smale, Melinda
  • Heisey, Paul W.


When farmers consume much of their grain output, end-use quality, in addition to standard production characteristics, affects farmers' seed choice and the economic returns to investment in crop breeding. Evidence from Malawi suggests that despite a lengthy research lag, emphasizing grain quality in recent years will amplify returns to research. Yet the story of that research breakthrough also suggests that when market signals are weak, physical and the social scientists who seek to play an informative role must be especially cautious in their assessment of research priorities.

Suggested Citation

  • Smale, Melinda & Heisey, Paul W., 1997. "Grain Quality and Crop Breeding when Farmers Consumer their Grain: Evidence from Malawi," 1997 Occasional Paper Series No. 7 198058, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iaaeo7:198058
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.198058

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Alvin Ulrich & Hartley Furtan & Andrew Schmitz, 1986. "Public and Private Returns from Joint Venture Research: An Example from Agriculture," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 101(1), pages 103-129.
    2. Sofranko, Andrew J. & Fliegel, Frederick C., 1989. "Malawi's agricultural development: a success story?," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 3(2), pages 99-113, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bobylev Yuriy & Turuntseva Marina, 2010. "Taxation of the mineral sector," Research Paper Series, Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, issue 140P.


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