Economics and Productivity of Organic versus Non-organic Dairy Farms in the United States
Technical and scale efficiencies are estimated for organic and non-organic dairy farms in the United States using an input distance function approach. A multinomial logit analysis is used to categorize the farms by technology. Large conventional farms outperformed smaller farms in most technology / organic / non-organic categories. There was high variability in net returns among the organics so that they did not differ significantly from the large conventional farms. The largest conventional non-organic operations and conventional organic operations tended to have the higher technical efficiencies.
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- Nehring, Richard F. & Gillespie, Jeffrey M. & O'Donoghue, Erik J. & Sandretto, Carmen L., 2007. "Dairy Resource Management: A Comparison of Conventional and Pasture-Based Systems," 2007 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2007, Mobile, Alabama 34814, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
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- Hanson, James C. & Dismukes, Robert & Chambers, William & Greene, Catherine R. & Kremen, Amy, 2003. "Risk And Risk Management In Organic Agriculture: View Of Organic Farmers," Working Papers 28551, University of Maryland, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
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