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Construction and Application of an LP Farm Model with an Integrated Life Cycle Assessment for the Determination of Sustainable Milk Production Systems

Author

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  • Mohring, Anke
  • Zimmermann, Albert

Abstract

The increasingly stringent conditions underlying Swiss dairy production demand sustainable milk production systems that are economically optimized but also meet the ecological requirements of society. To determine such systems, a comparative-static LP model was constructed at farm level. Realistic production systems are reproduced in the model by means of binary variables. An Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) was integrated into the model to determine the environmental impacts of the farm. To this effect, the internal farm influences on production are illustrated in detail. An initial application of the model, in which a comparison of different income-optimized production systems was carried out, revealed some goal conflicts between economics and ecology. Systems involving full-time grazing achieved the best results in both aspects.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohring, Anke & Zimmermann, Albert, 2005. "Construction and Application of an LP Farm Model with an Integrated Life Cycle Assessment for the Determination of Sustainable Milk Production Systems," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24714, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:eaae05:24714
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24714
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Beth Allen, 2000. "The Future of Microeconomic Theory," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 14(1), pages 143-150, Winter.
    2. Ramsden, S. & Gibbons, J. & Wilson, P., 1999. "Impacts of changing relative prices on farm level dairy production in the UK," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 62(3), pages 201-215, December.
    3. Rigby, Dan & Young, Trevor, 1996. "European Environmental Regulations to Reduce Water Pollution: An Analysis of Their Impact on UK Dairy Farms," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 23(1), pages 59-78.
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    Cited by:

    1. Zimmermann, Albert, 2008. "Combination of the Swiss agrarian sector model SILAS-dyn with the life cycle assessment tool SALCA," 107th Seminar, January 30-February 1, 2008, Sevilla, Spain 6603, European Association of Agricultural Economists.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Life Cycle Assessment (LCA); LP-model; dairy production; production system; Livestock Production/Industries; C61; Q12; Q51;

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects

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