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Historical and Spatial Analysis of High-Value Crop Production in the U.S

Listed author(s):
  • Cheng, Mei-luan
  • Bills, Nelson L.
  • Francis, Joseph
Registered author(s):

    This paper examines the complex relationship between urbanization and high-value crops production in the US. High-value products (HVPs) are defined to include farms producing fruit, vegetable, and greenhouse and nursery crops. Analysis of historical (1949-2002) shifts in production and redefinitions of metropolitan counties shows that HVPs production has been highly concentrated in metropolitan counties but in stable proportions, especially in the Northeast, Southeast and Pacific regions. To help understand these spatial relationships, a model of location and production is developed to emphasize how urbanization economies, agglomeration economies, and firm-specific factors affect the HVP production. The model is implemented for the greenhouse/nursery sector in the Northeast. Results show that current greenhouse/nursery production levels are positively correlated across counties. A critical element in assuring the continued economic vibrancy of greenhouse/nursery business will depend on operators adapting to increased competition for land in metropolitan areas while exploiting the marketing options offered by proximity to a growing number of non-farm residents.

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    Paper provided by Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management in its series Working Papers with number 127063.

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    Date of creation: 2006
    Handle: RePEc:ags:cudawp:127063
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    1. Stephan J. Goetz, 1997. "State- and County-Level Determinants of Food Manufacturing Establishment Growth: 1987–93," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(3), pages 838-850.
    2. Bhadra, D. & Brandao, A.S.P., 1993. "Urbanization; Agricultural Development; and Land Allocation," World Bank - Discussion Papers 201, World Bank.
    3. Shields, Martin & Willits, Fern K., 2003. "The Growing Importance of the Environmental Horticulture Industry in the Agricultural Economy of the Northeastern United States," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 32(02), pages 259-271, October.
    4. Anselin, Luc, 2002. "Under the hood Issues in the specification and interpretation of spatial regression models," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 27(3), November.
    5. Anselin, Luc, 2002. "Under the hood : Issues in the specification and interpretation of spatial regression models," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 27(3), pages 247-267, November.
    6. Heimlich, Ralph E. & Barnard, Charles H., 1992. "Agricultural Adaptation To Urbanization: Farm Types In Northeast Metropolitan Areas," Northeastern Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 21(1), April.
    7. Brian Roe & Elena G. Irwin & Jeff S. Sharp, 2002. "Pigs in Space: Modeling the Spatial Structure of Hog Production in Traditional and Nontraditional Production Regions," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 84(2), pages 259-278.
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