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Explaining Spatial Disparities in Drug Overdoses, 1970-2014


  • Goetz, Stephan J.
  • Davlasheridze, Meri


We estimate a fixed effects county level panel data model to relate socioeconomic variables to opioid-related drug overdoses, which cost the nation in excess of $430bn in 2015. In addition to demographic and labor market variables we include lagged employment shares by major industry and self-employment shares, as well as cumulative counts of presidentially declared disasters. We find that rurality, as measured by lower population density, is associated with higher overdose rates. Also, for each $10,000 reduction in net income per farm, opioids overdoses rose by 10% from a national average of 10.2 deaths per 100,000 people.

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  • Goetz, Stephan J. & Davlasheridze, Meri, 2017. "Explaining Spatial Disparities in Drug Overdoses, 1970-2014," 2018 Allied Social Sciences Association (ASSA) Annual Meeting, January 5-7, 2018, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 266296, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:assa18:266296
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.266296

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Partridge, Mark & Tsvetkova, Alexandra, 2017. "Road to Despair and the Geography of the America Left Behind," 2018 Allied Social Sciences Association (ASSA) Annual Meeting, January 5-7, 2018, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 266303, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    2. Stephan J Goetz & Mark D Partridge & Heather M Stephens, 2018. "The Economic Status of Rural America in the President Trump Era and beyond," Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 40(1), pages 97-118.
    3. Anne Case & Angua Deaton, 2015. "Rising morbidity and mortality in midlife among white non-Hispanic Americans in the 21st century," Working Papers 15078.full.pdf, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Research Program in Development Studies..
    4. Keyes, K.M. & Cerdá, M. & Brady, J.E. & Havens, J.R. & Galea, S., 2014. "Understanding the rural-urban differences in nonmedical prescription opioid use and abuse in the United States," American Journal of Public Health, American Public Health Association, vol. 104(2), pages 52-59.
    5. Alan B. Krueger, 2017. "Where Have All the Workers Gone? An Inquiry into the Decline of the U.S. Labor Force Participation Rate," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 48(2 (Fall)), pages 1-87.
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