Do Food Assistance Programs Improve Household Food Security?: Recent Evidence From The United States
Food assistance programs play an important role in meeting the basic needs of low income households. This paper examines the interaction among food stamps, labor force participation and food insecurity status of low-income households under different program design and economic conditions. A simultaneous equation model with three probit equations links the program, work force participation and outcome. Results based on the Survey of Program Dynamics data suggest that Food Stamp Program participation is more responsive to changes in the program benefits than to changes in unemployment rate or nonlabor income; food insecurity status is more responsive to changes in the food program benefit or unemployment rate, than to nonlabor income.
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- Nord, Mark & Andrews, Margaret S. & Carlson, Steven, 2002. "Household Food Security In The United States, 2001," Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Reports 33865, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
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- Jean D. Opsomer & Helen H. Jensen & Sarah M. Nusser & Dorin Drignei & Yasuo Amemiya, 2002. "Statistical Considerations for the USDA Food Insecurity Index," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 02-wp307, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
- Mallar, Charles D, 1977. "The Estimation of Simultaneous Probability Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 45(7), pages 1717-22, October.
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