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Smallholder Choice of Compliance Arrangements: The Case GlobalGAP adoption by French Bean Farmers in Kirinyaga, Mbooni and Buuri/Laikipia Districts


  • Nthambi, Mary
  • Mburu, John I.
  • Nyikal, Rose


Holticultural crops such as fruits and vegetables are commonly grown in Sub-Saharan Africa by smallholder farmers as a way to increase export earnings and create jobs in order to reduce poverty levels.These opportunities presented by horticultural crops to smallholder farmers have been retarded by increased public and private food safety standards. GlobalGAP is one such standard, which posseses a threat to smallholder farmer’s welfare by undermining their ability to compete in the market. This paper assesses smallholder choice of compliance arrangements with GlobalGAP standards adoption among smallholder french bean farmers in Kirinyaga, Mbooni and Buuri/Laikipia districts. Three Multinomial logit models were run to obtain information on the estimated coefficients and marginal effects of independent variables and dependent variables and their p values. Findings were that extension services, input and credit subsidies and group formation should be encouraged to reduce costs of compliance among smallholder farmers.Policy to ensure reduced transaction and production costs such as government provision of conducive investment environment for NGO’s and exporters that support French bean farmers should be availed

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  • Nthambi, Mary & Mburu, John I. & Nyikal, Rose, 2013. "Smallholder Choice of Compliance Arrangements: The Case GlobalGAP adoption by French Bean Farmers in Kirinyaga, Mbooni and Buuri/Laikipia Districts," 2013 Fourth International Conference, September 22-25, 2013, Hammamet, Tunisia 161471, African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaae13:161471
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.161471

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    1. Okello, Julius Juma & Swinton, Scott M., 2005. "Compliance with International Food Safety Standards in Kenya's Green Bean Industry: A Paired Case Study of Small and Large Family Farms," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19241, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    2. Kersting, Sarah & Wollni, Meike, 2012. "New institutional arrangements and standard adoption: Evidence from small-scale fruit and vegetable farmers in Thailand," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 452-462.
    3. C. Dolan & J. Humphrey, 2000. "Governance and Trade in Fresh Vegetables: The Impact of UK Supermarkets on the African Horticulture Industry," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(2), pages 147-176.
    4. Hassan, Rashid M. & Nhemachena, Charles, 2008. "Determinants of African farmers’ strategies for adapting to climate change: Multinomial choice analysis," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 2(1), pages 1-22, March.
    5. Asfaw, Solomon & Mithofer, Dagmar & Waibel, Hermann, 2009. "Food-safety Standards and Farmers Health: Evidence from Kenyan’s Export Vegetable Growers," 2009 Conference, August 16-22, 2009, Beijing, China 49928, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    6. Muriithi, Beatrice Wambui, 2008. "Compliance With Eurepgap Standards: Determinants, Costs And Implications On Profitability Among Smallholder French Beans Exporters In Kirinyaga District, Kenya," Research Theses 117712, Collaborative Masters Program in Agricultural and Applied Economics.
    7. Subervie, Julie & Vagneron, Isabelle, 2012. "Can Fresh Produce Farmers Benefit from Global Gap Certification? The case of lychee producers in Madagascar," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126704, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
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    Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy;


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