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Incidencia del desajuste educativo en el rendimiento privado de la educación en España

In: Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 5

Author

Listed:
  • Marta Rahona López

    () (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)

  • Inés P. Murillo Huertas

    () (Universidad de Extremadura)

  • María del Mar Salinas Jiménez

    () (Universidad de Extremadura)

Abstract

El objetivo de este estudio es analizar los efectos del desajuste educativo sobre los ingresos individuales en el mercado de trabajo español desde mediados de los años noventa. En primer lugar, se estudia la evolución de los rendimientos educativos mediante la estimación de ecuaciones mincerianas (Mincer, 1974). A continuación, el análisis se completa mediante la estimación del rendimiento educativo en función del grado de adecuación entre el nivel educativo del trabajador y los requerimientos formativos de su puesto de trabajo a partir de las especificaciones ORU (Over-Required-Undereducated) propuestas por Duncan y Hoffman (1981). Para ello, se han utilizado los datos procedentes de la Encuesta de Estructura Salarial (EES) en sus tres oleadas disponibles, correspondientes a los años 1995, 2002 y 2006. Los resultados obtenidos indican que la rentabilidad de la educación ha disminuido desde mediados de los años noventa, siendo esto así para todos los niveles educativos. Se observa asimismo que el rendimiento asociado a la escolaridad requerida en el empleo es mayor al que corresponde a la educación efectiva del trabajador, mientras que el rendimiento de un año adicional de sobreeducación es positivo pero inferior a la rentabilidad de un año adicional de educación requerida.

Suggested Citation

  • Marta Rahona López & Inés P. Murillo Huertas & María del Mar Salinas Jiménez, 2010. "Incidencia del desajuste educativo en el rendimiento privado de la educación en España," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 5,in: María Jesús Mancebón-Torrubia & Domingo P. Ximénez-de-Embún & José María Gómez-Sancho & Gregorio Gim (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 5, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 13, pages 267-284 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.
  • Handle: RePEc:aec:ieed05:05-13
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rentabilidad de la educación; desajuste educativo; España;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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