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Desajuste educativo y formación laboral especializada: efectos sobre los rendimientos salariales

Author

Listed:
  • Ezequiel Uriel Jiménez

    () (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas)

  • Pilar Beneito López

    () (Universitat de València)

  • Javier Ferri Carreres

    (Universitat de València)

  • María Luisa Moltó Carbonell

    (Universitat de València)

Abstract

Evidence of the existence of overeducation in the Spanish labour market has drawn the attention of research on the transitory character of overeducation (Alba-Ramirez, 1993 and García and Malo, 1995). Our main interest lies on whether overeducation is a source of inefficiency in the allocation of resources or it is a substitute for on-the-job training in the Spanish case. The theoretical framework for interpreting the results of our empirical exercise is contained in Thurow (1975). Accordinding to the competitive model, employers will preferably hire overeducated workers in relation to the requirements for a job, because overeducation is a substitute for more specific training and experience. Survey data provided by the Encuesta de Estructura, Conciencia y Biografía de Clase (ECBC) are used to test the substitution hypothesis. A sample of approximately two thousand individuals currently working as employees is available with information on personal characteristics (gender, age), labour market variables (experience, labour income, labour contract type, occupation and industry) and educationall training circumstances (participation in on-the-job training, and subjective and objective degree of overlunder qualification). Descriptive statistics on the objective degree of qualification for the job show that the majority) of the employees of our sample are adjusted to the qualification requirements (58%). 25.6% are overqualified and 16.5% are underqualified. An endogenous switching model is used to estimate the returns from overeducation and to determine their effect on participation on-the-the-job training and their returns. La existencia de evidencia de sobreeducación en el mercado de trabajo español ha atraído la atención de los investigadores sobre el carácter transitorio ó no del fenómeno de la sobreeducación (Alba-Ramirez, 1993 Y García y Malo, 1995). Nuestro principal interés radica en averiguar si la sobreeducación es una fuente de ineficiencia o un sustitutivo a la formación especializada. El marco teórico para la interpretación de los resultados del ejercicio empírico está contenido en Thurow (J 995). De acuerdo con el modelo competitivo, los empresarios contratarán preferentemente trabajadores sobreeducados en relación con los requerimientos educativos del puesto ocupado, ya que la sobreeducación es un sustititivo de la formación específica y la experiencia. La información proporcionada por la Encuesta de Estructura, Conciencia y Biografía de Clase (ECBC) se utiliza para contrastar la hipótesis de sustituibilidad. Se dispone de información sobre las características personales (género, edad), variables del mercado laboral (experiencia, ingresos, tipo de contrato, ocupación, rama de actividad, etc.), así como información sobre educación y formación (participación en formación especializada, grado subjetivo y objetivo de sobre o infraeducación), acerca de una muestra de aproximadamente dos mil individuos. Un modelo de regresión switching endógeno sirve para estimar los rendimientos de la sobreeducación y para determinar su efecto sobre la participación en programas de formación.

Suggested Citation

  • Ezequiel Uriel Jiménez & Pilar Beneito López & Javier Ferri Carreres & María Luisa Moltó Carbonell, 1996. "Desajuste educativo y formación laboral especializada: efectos sobre los rendimientos salariales," Working Papers. Serie EC 1996-11, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  • Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:1996-11
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Raúl Ramos & Esteban Sanromá, 2013. "Overeducation and Local Labour Markets in Spain," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 104(3), pages 278-291, July.
    2. Mañé Vernet, Ferran & Miravet, Daniel, 2010. "Sobreeducación y Sobrecualificación en los Universitarios Catalanes. Una perspectiva de género," Working Papers 2072/179592, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
    3. Sandra Nieto & Raúl Ramos, 2013. "Non-Formal Education, Overeducation And Wages," Revista de Economia Aplicada, Universidad de Zaragoza, Departamento de Estructura Economica y Economia Publica, vol. 21(1), pages 5-28, Spring.
    4. Marta Rahona López & Inés P. Murillo Huertas & María del Mar Salinas Jiménez, 2010. "Incidencia del desajuste educativo en el rendimiento privado de la educación en España," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 5,in: María Jesús Mancebón-Torrubia & Domingo P. Ximénez-de-Embún & José María Gómez-Sancho & Gregorio Gim (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 5, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 13, pages 267-284 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.
    5. Fabrice Collard & Raquel Fonseca & Rafael Munoz, 2002. "Spanish Unemployment Persistence and the Ladder Effect," CEP Discussion Papers dp0538, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    6. Juan José Dolado & Florentino Felgueroso & Juan F. Jimeno, "undated". "Explaining Youth Labor Market Problems in Spain: Crowding-Out, Institutions, or Technology Shifts?," Working Papers 2000-09, FEDEA.
    7. Lassibille, Gerard & Navarro Gomez, Lucia & Aguilar Ramos, Isabel & de la O Sanchez, Carolina, 2001. "Youth transition from school to work in Spain," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 139-149, April.
    8. Vicente Calabuig Alcantara, 1997. "Ineficiencias en las negociaciones entre dos agentes completamente informados," Working Papers. Serie EC 1997-03, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    9. Sanromá, Esteban & Ramos, Raul & Simón, Hipólito, 2008. "The Portability of Human Capital and Immigrant Assimilation: Evidence for Spain," IZA Discussion Papers 3649, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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