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Desajuste educativo y formación laboral especializada: efectos sobre los rendimientos salariales

  • Ezequiel Uriel Jiménez


    (Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas)

  • Pilar Beneito López


    (Universitat de València)

  • Javier Ferri Carreres

    (Universitat de València)

  • María Luisa Moltó Carbonell

    (Universitat de València)

Evidence of the existence of overeducation in the Spanish labour market has drawn the attention of research on the transitory character of overeducation (Alba-Ramirez, 1993 and García and Malo, 1995). Our main interest lies on whether overeducation is a source of inefficiency in the allocation of resources or it is a substitute for on-the-job training in the Spanish case. The theoretical framework for interpreting the results of our empirical exercise is contained in Thurow (1975). Accordinding to the competitive model, employers will preferably hire overeducated workers in relation to the requirements for a job, because overeducation is a substitute for more specific training and experience. Survey data provided by the Encuesta de Estructura, Conciencia y Biografía de Clase (ECBC) are used to test the substitution hypothesis. A sample of approximately two thousand individuals currently working as employees is available with information on personal characteristics (gender, age), labour market variables (experience, labour income, labour contract type, occupation and industry) and educationall training circumstances (participation in on-the-job training, and subjective and objective degree of overlunder qualification). Descriptive statistics on the objective degree of qualification for the job show that the majority) of the employees of our sample are adjusted to the qualification requirements (58%). 25.6% are overqualified and 16.5% are underqualified. An endogenous switching model is used to estimate the returns from overeducation and to determine their effect on participation on-the-the-job training and their returns. La existencia de evidencia de sobreeducación en el mercado de trabajo español ha atraído la atención de los investigadores sobre el carácter transitorio ó no del fenómeno de la sobreeducación (Alba-Ramirez, 1993 Y García y Malo, 1995). Nuestro principal interés radica en averiguar si la sobreeducación es una fuente de ineficiencia o un sustitutivo a la formación especializada. El marco teórico para la interpretación de los resultados del ejercicio empírico está contenido en Thurow (J 995). De acuerdo con el modelo competitivo, los empresarios contratarán preferentemente trabajadores sobreeducados en relación con los requerimientos educativos del puesto ocupado, ya que la sobreeducación es un sustititivo de la formación específica y la experiencia. La información proporcionada por la Encuesta de Estructura, Conciencia y Biografía de Clase (ECBC) se utiliza para contrastar la hipótesis de sustituibilidad. Se dispone de información sobre las características personales (género, edad), variables del mercado laboral (experiencia, ingresos, tipo de contrato, ocupación, rama de actividad, etc.), así como información sobre educación y formación (participación en formación especializada, grado subjetivo y objetivo de sobre o infraeducación), acerca de una muestra de aproximadamente dos mil individuos. Un modelo de regresión switching endógeno sirve para estimar los rendimientos de la sobreeducación y para determinar su efecto sobre la participación en programas de formación.

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Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 1996-11.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Sep 1996
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by Ivie
Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:1996-11
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