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Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Latin America

Author

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  • Kym Anderson
  • Alberto Valdés

Abstract

This book provides an overview of the evolution of distortions to agricultural incentives caused by price and trade policies in the World Bank-defined region of Latin America and the Caribbean. Following the introduction and summary, it includes commissioned country studies of one Caribbean, one Central American, and six South American economies. The chapters are followed by two appendixes. The first describes the methodology used to measure the nominal and relative rates of assistance to farmers and the taxes and subsidies involved in food consumption; the second provides country and regional summaries, in tables, of annual estimates of these rates of assistance. This study on Latin America is based on a sample of eight countries, comprising the big four economies of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico; Colombia and Ecuador, two of the poorest South American tropical countries; the Dominican Republic, the largest Caribbean economy; and Nicaragua, the poorest country in Central America. Together, in 2000-04, these countries accounted for 78 percent of the region's population, 80 percent of the region's agricultural value added, and 84 percent of the total gross domestic product (GDP) of Latin America.

Suggested Citation

  • Kym Anderson & Alberto Valdés, 2008. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Latin America," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 6604, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:6604
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kym Anderson & Johan Swinnen, 2008. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Europe's Transition Economies," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 6502, December.
    2. Anderson, Kym & Kurzweil, Marianne & Martin, Will & Sandri, Damiano & Valenzuela, Ernesto, 2008. "Measuring distortions to agricultural incentives, revisited," World Trade Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(4), pages 675-704, October.
    3. Spoor, Max, 2000. "Two decades of adjustment and agricultural development in Latin America and the Caribbean," Desarrollo Productivo 81, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    4. Anderson, Kym & Kurzweil, Marianne & Martin, William J. & Sandri, Damiano & Valenzuela, Ernesto, 2008. "Methodology for Measuring Distortions to Agricultural Incentives," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48326, World Bank.
    5. David de Ferranti & Guillermo E. Perry & William Foster & Daniel Lederman & Alberto Valdés, 2005. "Beyond the City: The Rural Contribution to Development," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 7328.
    6. Soloaga, Isidro & Lara, Gabriel, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Mexico," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48432, World Bank.
    7. Vousden,Neil, 1990. "The Economics of Trade Protection," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521346696, December.
    8. Valdes, Alberto & Jara, Esteban, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Chile," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48391, World Bank.
    9. Sandri, Damiano & Valenzuela, Ernesto & Anderson, Kym, 2007. "Economic And Trade Indicators For Latin America, 1960 To 2004," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48434, World Bank.
    10. Valenzuela, Ernesto & Kurzweil, Marianne & Jara, Esteban & Croser, Johanna L. & Anderson, Kym, 2007. "Annual Estimates Of Latin American Distortions To Agricultural Incentives," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48525, World Bank.
    11. L. ALAN WINTERS & NEIL McCULLOCH & ANDREW McKAY, 2015. "Trade Liberalization and Poverty: The Evidence So Far," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Non-Tariff Barriers, Regionalism and Poverty Essays in Applied International Trade Analysis, chapter 14, pages 271-314, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    12. Lopes, Mauro de Rezende & Lopes, Ignez Vidigal & Oliveira, Marilene Silva de & Barcelos, Fabio Campos & Jara, Esteban & Bogado, Pedro Rangel, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives In Brazil," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48390, World Bank.
    13. Prebisch, Raúl, 1950. "The economic development of Latin America and its principal problems," Sede de la CEPAL en Santiago (Estudios e Investigaciones) 29973, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    14. Sturzenegger, Adolfo C. & Salazni, Mariana, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Argentina," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48389, World Bank.
    15. Kym Anderson & Will Martin, 2009. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Asia," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 2611.
    16. Jorge Quiroz & Luis Opazo, 2000. "The Krueger-Schiff-Valdés Study 10 Years Later: A Latin American Perspective," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 49(1), pages 181-196.
    17. Spoor, Max, 2000. "Two decades of adjustment and agricultural development in Latin America and the Caribbean," Series Históricas 56, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    18. Valenzuela, Ernesto & Wong, Sara & Sandri, Damiano, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Ecuador," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48394, World Bank.
    19. Berthelon, Matias & Kruger, Diana & Saavedra, Diana, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Nicaragua," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48433, World Bank.
    20. Guterman, Lia, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Colombia," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48392, World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Demirdöğen, Alper, 2011. "Tarımsal Korumacılık, Korumacılığın Ölçümü ve Türkiye [Agricultural Protectionism, Its Measurement and Turkey]," MPRA Paper 35083, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Kym Anderson & Anna Strutt, 2016. "Impacts of Emerging Asia on African and Latin American Trade: Projections to 2030," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(2), pages 172-194, February.
    3. Kym Anderson, 2013. "Agricultural price distortions: trends and volatility, past, and prospective," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 44(s1), pages 163-171, November.
    4. Nabil Chaherli & John Nash, 2013. "Agricultural Exports from Latin America and the Caribbean : Harnessing Trade to Feed the World and Promote Development," World Bank Publications - Reports 16048, The World Bank Group.
    5. Anderson, Kym, 2009. "Krueger/Schiff/Valdés Revisited: Agricultural Price and Trade Policy Reform in Developing Countries since 1960," CEPR Discussion Papers 7601, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Cano-Sanz, Carlos Gustavo & Iregui-Bohórquez, Ana María & Ramírez-Giraldo, María Teresa & Tribín-Uri (ed.), 2016. "El desarrollo equitativo, competitivo y sostenible del sector agropecuario en Colombia," Books, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, number 2016-11.
    7. Anderson, Kym & Strutt, Anna, 2013. "South America’s Contribution to World Food Markets: GTAP Projections to 2030," Working Papers 145369, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.
    8. Kym Anderson & Ernesto Valenzuela, 2021. "What impact are subsidies and trade barriers abroad having on Australasian and Brazilian agriculture?," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 65(2), pages 265-290, April.
    9. Anderson, Kym & Martin, William J., 2008. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in China and Southeast Asia," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48574, World Bank.
    10. Kym Anderson, 2009. "Distorted Agricultural Incentives and Economic Development: Asia's Experience," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(3), pages 351-384, March.
    11. María Angélica Arbeláez & Sebastián Higuera & Roberto Steiner & Sandra Zuluaga, 2019. "The political economy of protection of some “sensitive†agricultural products in Colombia," Informes de Investigación 017195, Fedesarrollo.
    12. Kym Anderson & Will Martin, 2009. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Asia," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 2611, December.
    13. Anderson, Kym & Valenzuela, Ernesto, 2010. "Agricultural and trade policy reforms in Latin America: impacts on markets and welfare," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), April.
    14. Anderson, Kym & Croser, Johanna L., 2009. "Distribution of Agricultural NRAs across Countries and Products, 1955-84 and 1985-2007," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 50307, World Bank.
    15. Anderson, Kym & Strutt, Anna, 2014. "Impacts of Asia’s Rise on African and Latin American Trade: Projections to 2030," 2014 Conference (58th), February 4-7, 2014, Port Macquarie, Australia 165805, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    16. Colin A. Carter & Shon M. Ferguson, 2019. "Deregulation and regional specialization: Evidence from Canadian agriculture," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 52(4), pages 1497-1522, November.
    17. Foster, William & Valdés, Alberto, 2011. "Agricultural incentives, growth and poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean: cross-country evidence for the period 1960-2005. Did trade liberalization increase the incomes of the poorest?," Documentos de Proyectos 404, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    18. MacDonald, Stephen & Gale, Fred & Hansen, James, 2015. "Cotton Policy in China," MPRA Paper 70863, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Miguel Martín-Retortillo & Vicente Pinilla & Jackeline Velazco & Henry Willebald, 2018. "The Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs? Agricultural Development in Latin America in the 20th Century," Palgrave Studies in Economic History, in: Vicente Pinilla & Henry Willebald (ed.), Agricultural Development in the World Periphery, chapter 13, pages 337-363, Palgrave Macmillan.
    20. Oscar Molina Tejerina & Sergio Bobka Calcina, 2016. "Comercio internacional y brechas salariales no explicadas por género: Evidencia para el sector agrícola en Bolivia," Investigación & Desarrollo 0416, Universidad Privada Boliviana, revised Jun 2016.
    21. Valenzuela, Ernesto & Croser, Johanna L. & Jara, Esteban & Nelgen, Signe & Anderson, Kym, 2008. "Annual Estimates Of Distortions To Agricultural Incentives In High-Income Countries," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48632, World Bank.
    22. Valenzuela, Ernesto & Kurzweil, Marianne & Jara, Esteban & Croser, Johanna L. & Anderson, Kym, 2007. "Annual Estimates Of Latin American Distortions To Agricultural Incentives," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48525, World Bank.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic Theory and Research Rural Development Knowledge and Information Systems Agribusiness and Markets Private Sector Development - Emerging Markets Macroeconomics and Economic Growth - Markets and Market Access Rural Development;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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