IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Agricultural and Trade Policy Reforms in Latin America: Impacts on Markets and Welfare

  • Kym Anderson


    (School of Economics, University of Adelaide)

  • Ernesto Valenzuela


    (School of Economics, University of Adelaide)

Farm earnings in Latin America have been depressed by pro-urban and anti-trade biases in national policies and by agricultural support policies of richer countries. These policies have reduced economic welfare, hampered trade and growth, and may well have added to income inequality. Since the 1980s, however, the region has reduced its sectoral and trade policy distortions; and some high-income countries also have begun reducing market-distorting aspects of their farm policies. This paper synthesizes results from a World Bank project that provides: price-comparison based measures of the extent to which national policies have changed farmersÂ’ price incentives; partial equilibrium indexes of the impact of farm policies on trade and economic welfare; general equilibrium estimates of trade, welfare and poverty effects of global reforms retrospectively and prospectively; comparisons with similar estimates for Asia, Africa and high-income countries; and a discussion of prospects for pro-poor policy reform of agricultural price and trade policies.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Our checks indicate that this address may not be valid because: 404 Not Found. If this is indeed the case, please notify (Dmitriy Kvasov)

File Function: First version, 2010
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by University of Adelaide, Centre for International Economic Studies in its series Centre for International Economic Studies Working Papers with number 2010-01.

in new window

Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:adl:cieswp:2010-01
Contact details of provider: Postal: Adelaide SA 5005
Phone: (+ 61 8) 8303 5672
Fax: (+ 61 8) 8223 1460
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. Anderson, Kym & Croser, Johanna L. & Lloyd, Peter J, 2009. "Global Distortions to Agricultural Markets: New Indicators of Trade and Welfare Impacts, 1955 to 2007," CEPR Discussion Papers 7160, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Anderson, Kym & Swinnen, Johan F.M., 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Europe’s Transition Economies," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper 48556, World Bank.
  3. Anderson, Kym & Valdes, Alberto, 2008. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Latin America and the Caribbean," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper 48575, World Bank.
  4. Anderson, Kym & Kurzweil, Marianne & Martin, Will & Sandri, Damiano & Valenzuela, Ernesto, 2008. "Measuring distortions to agricultural incentives, revisited," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4612, The World Bank.
  5. Anderson, Kym & Masters, William A., 2008. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Sub-Saharan and North Africa," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper 48572, World Bank.
  6. James E. Anderson & J. Peter Neary, 2005. "Measuring the Restrictiveness of International Trade Policy," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262012200, June.
  7. L. Alan Winters & Neil McCulloch & Andrew McKay, 2004. "Trade Liberalization and Poverty: The Evidence So Far," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 42(1), pages 72-115, March.
  8. Anderson, Kym & Martin, William J., 2008. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in China and Southeast Asia," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper 48574, World Bank.
  9. Kym Anderson & Alberto Valdés, 2008. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Latin America," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6604.
  10. Anderson, Kym, 2010. "Krueger/Schiff/Valdes revisited : agricultural price and trade policy reform in developing countries since 1960," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5165, The World Bank.
  11. Valenzuela, Ernesto & Croser, Johanna L. & Jara, Esteban & Nelgen, Signe & Anderson, Kym, 2008. "Annual Estimates Of Distortions To Agricultural Incentives In High-Income Countries," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper 48632, World Bank.
  12. Anderson, Kym & Lattimore, Ralph G. & Lloyd, Peter J. & MacLaren, Donald, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Australia and New Zealand," 2007 Conference (51st), February 13-16, 2007, Queenstown, New Zealand 10407, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  13. Kym Anderson & Peter Lloyd & Donald MacLaren, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Australia Since World War II," Centre for International Economic Studies Working Papers 2007-01, University of Adelaide, Centre for International Economic Studies.
  14. Kym Anderson, 2010. "Krueger, Schiff, and Valdés Revisited: Agricultural Price and Trade Policy Reform in Developing Countries since 1960," Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 32(2), pages 195-231.
  15. Anderson, Kym & Kurzweil, Marianne & Martin, William J. & Sandri, Damiano & Valenzuela, Ernesto, 2008. "Methodology for Measuring Distortions to Agricultural Incentives," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper 48326, World Bank.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:adl:cieswp:2010-01. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dmitriy Kvasov)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.