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HIV/AIDS Treatment and Prevention in India : Modeling the Cost and Consequences

Author

Listed:
  • Mead Over
  • Peter Heywood
  • Julian Gold
  • Indrani Gupta
  • Subhash Hira
  • Elliot Marseille

Abstract

The three policies analyzed in this document include a minimalist policy in which the government strengthens private sector delivery, an intermediate policy of providing treatment for mothers who have AIDS and their spouses, and a generous policy of providing treatment to the poorest 40 percent of all AIDS patients. In January 2004 the Indian government adopted an AIDS financing policy which contains elements of all three of the hypothetical policies analyzed in this book. This study's projections of the total financial cost of the program and of the cost-effectiveness of the three options can help the government and its partners to plan the scale-up of the existing treatment program, to optimize the mix of components in order to improve its cost-effectiveness and to design monitoring and evaluation measures which provide feedback on program performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Mead Over & Peter Heywood & Julian Gold & Indrani Gupta & Subhash Hira & Elliot Marseille, 2004. "HIV/AIDS Treatment and Prevention in India : Modeling the Cost and Consequences," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 14916.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:14916
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    File URL: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/14916/297060PAPER0HIV0Aids0India.pdf?sequence=1
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Lanjouw, J.O., 1997. "The Introduction of Pharmaceutical Product Patents in India: "Heartless Exploitation of the Poor and Suffering"?," Papers 775, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
    2. Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina V., 2000. "Incentives to provide local public goods: fiscal federalism, Russian style," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, pages 337-368.
    3. Jin, Hehui & Qian, Yingyi & Weingast, Barry R., 2005. "Regional decentralization and fiscal incentives: Federalism, Chinese style," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, pages 1719-1742.
    4. repec:aph:ajpbhl:2002:92:3:388-394_9 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Stover, John & Garnett, Geoff P. & Seitz, Steve & Forsythe, Steven, 2002. "The epidemiological impact of an HIV/AIDS vaccine in developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2811, The World Bank.
    6. Hehui Jin & Yingyi Qian & Barry Weingast, 1999. "Regional Decentralization and Fiscal Incentives: Federalism, Chinese Style," Working Papers 99013, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Markus Haacker & Mariam Claeson, 2009. "HIV and AIDS in South Asia : An Economic Development Risk," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2598.
    2. David Canning, 2006. "The Economics of HIV/AIDS in Low-Income Countries: The Case for Prevention," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, pages 121-142.

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