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A Pint for A Pound? Minimum Drinking Age Laws and Birth Outcomes


  • Alan Barreca
  • Marianne Page


Minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) laws are known to reduce alcohol consumption among young adults. One additional benefit of higher MLDAs may be that they improve health outcomes among infants born to young mothers. We estimate the impact of MLDAs on infant health in the USA by comparing birth outcomes among 14–20 year old mothers who were exposed to different MLDAs because of when and where they gave birth. Infants born to mothers who were between the ages of 21 and 24 years are included as a control group. We find that low MLDAs are associated with very small birth weight reductions, but have a little relationship with other traditional measures of infant health. We find compelling evidence, however, that a low MLDA increases the probability of a female birth, which suggests that restricting alcohol access to young mothers may reduce fetal deaths. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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  • Alan Barreca & Marianne Page, 2015. "A Pint for A Pound? Minimum Drinking Age Laws and Birth Outcomes," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(4), pages 400-418, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:hlthec:v:24:y:2015:i:4:p:400-418

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    Cited by:

    1. Douglas Almond & Janet Currie & Valentina Duque, 2018. "Childhood Circumstances and Adult Outcomes: Act II," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 56(4), pages 1360-1446, December.
    2. Hope Corman & Dhaval Dave & Nancy E. Reichman, 2018. "Evolution of the Infant Health Production Function," Southern Economic Journal, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 85(1), pages 6-47, July.
    3. repec:eee:jhecon:v:53:y:2017:i:c:p:131-155 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:bla:jecrev:v:70:y:2019:i:2:p:210-234 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Eiji Yamamura & Yoshiro Tsutsui, 2019. "Effects of Pregnancy and Birth on Smoking and Drinking Behaviours: A Comparative Study Between Men and Women," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 70(2), pages 210-234, June.

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