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Inflation Target and its Impact on Macroeconomy in the Zero Lower Bound Environment: the case of the Czech economy

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  • Hloušek Miroslav

    () (Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administration, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.)

Abstract

This paper uses a stochastic simulation of a DSGE model of the Czech economy to study the macroeconomic consequences of inflation target setting when interest rates are constrained by the zero lower bound. The distortions of this constraint depend non-linearly on the inflation target. For an inflation target of two percent the costs are negligible, but they increase steeply with lower target values. The largest impact is on the average values of output, consumption and investment; inflation is only slightly influenced. The volatility of all the variables considered increases significantly, but only for inflation targets that are close to zero. An inflation target of four percent does not bring additional benefits either in terms of lower volatility or in terms of higher average values.

Suggested Citation

  • Hloušek Miroslav, 2016. "Inflation Target and its Impact on Macroeconomy in the Zero Lower Bound Environment: the case of the Czech economy," Review of Economic Perspectives, De Gruyter Open, vol. 16(1), pages 3-16, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:vrs:reoecp:v:16:y:2016:i:1:p:3-16:n:1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kolasa, Marcin, 2009. "Structural heterogeneity or asymmetric shocks? Poland and the euro area through the lens of a two-country DSGE model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 1245-1269, November.
    2. Coenen Günter & Orphanides Athanasios & Wieland Volker, 2004. "Price Stability and Monetary Policy Effectiveness when Nominal Interest Rates are Bounded at Zero," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, pages 1-25.
    3. Laurence M. Ball, 2013. "The Case for Four Percent Inflation," Central Bank Review, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, vol. 13(2), pages 17-31.
    4. Gust, Christopher J. & Lopez-Salido, J. David & Smith, Matthew E. & Herbst, Edward, 2012. "The Empirical Implications of the Interest-Rate Lower Bound," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2012-83, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), revised Jan 2016.
    5. repec:aea:aecrev:v:107:y:2017:i:7:p:1971-2006 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Martin SLANICAY, 2013. "Business Cycle Synchronization through the Lens of a DSGE Model," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 63(2), pages 180-196, May.
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