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Should the ECB Adjust its Strategy in the Face of a Lower r*?

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  • Andrade, Philippe
  • Galí, Jordi
  • Le Bihan, Hervé
  • Matheron, Julien

Abstract

We address this question using an estimated New Keynesian DSGE model of the Euro Area with trend inflation, imperfect indexation, and a lower bound on the nominal interest rate. In this setup, a decrease in the steady-state real interest rate, r*, increases the probability of hitting the lower bound constraint, which entails significant welfare costs and warrants an adjustment of the monetary policy strategy. Under an unchanged monetary policy rule, an increase in the inflation target of eight tenth the size of the drop in the real natural rate of interest is warranted. Absent an increase in the inflation target, and assuming the effective lower bound prevents the ECB from implementing more aggressive negative interest rate policies, adjusting the monetary strategy requires considering alternative instruments or policy rules, such as committing to make-up for recent, below-target inflation realizations.

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  • Andrade, Philippe & Galí, Jordi & Le Bihan, Hervé & Matheron, Julien, 2021. "Should the ECB Adjust its Strategy in the Face of a Lower r*?," CEPR Discussion Papers 16042, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:16042
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    11. Mary C. Daly, 2021. "The Last Resort in a Changing Landscape," FRBSF Economic Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, vol. 2021(12), pages 01-07, May.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    effective lower bound; euro-area; inflation target; Monetary policy strategy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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