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The Empirical Implications of the Zero Lower Bound on the Interest Rate: The Case of the Czech Economy

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  • Miroslav Hloušek

    () (Faculty of Economics and Administration, Masaryk University, Lipová 41a, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic)

Abstract

This paper uses an estimated DSGE model of the Czech economy to study the macroeconomic implications of various shocks when the interest rate is constrained by the zero lower bound. The goal is to identify which shocks represent threats for the economy and how large the distortions are. The results show that four single shocks can take the economy to the zero lower bound, and that of the four, productivity shock in the tradable sector is the most dangerous. The consequences for the behaviour of macroeconomic variables are nontrivial and, quite naturally, increase with the size of the shock and the frequency of occurrence. If the economy is subject to all model specific shocks, there are distortions in terms of lower average values of output and consumption (by more than one percentage point) and higher inflation volatility (by more than six percentage points). To reduce these costs, the central bank should give higher weight to inflation and lower weight to the output gap in monetary policy rule.

Suggested Citation

  • Miroslav Hloušek, 2016. "The Empirical Implications of the Zero Lower Bound on the Interest Rate: The Case of the Czech Economy," Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, Mendel University Press, vol. 64(2), pages 603-616.
  • Handle: RePEc:mup:actaun:actaun_2016064020603
    DOI: 10.11118/actaun201664020603
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kolasa, Marcin, 2009. "Structural heterogeneity or asymmetric shocks? Poland and the euro area through the lens of a two-country DSGE model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 1245-1269, November.
    2. Coenen Günter & Orphanides Athanasios & Wieland Volker, 2004. "Price Stability and Monetary Policy Effectiveness when Nominal Interest Rates are Bounded at Zero," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 4(1), pages 1-25, February.
    3. Jaromir Tonner & Jiri Polansky & Osvald Vašíèek, 2011. "Parameter Drifting in a DSGE Model Estimated on Czech Data," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 61(5), pages 510-524, November.
    4. Peter N. Ireland, 2011. "A New Keynesian Perspective on the Great Recession," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 43(1), pages 31-54, February.
    5. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
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