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Output Gaps and Robust Monetary Policy Rules

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  • Billi, Roberto M.

    (Research Department, Central Bank of Sweden)

Abstract

Policymakers often use the output gap, a noisy signal of economic activity, as a guide for setting monetary policy. Noise in the data argues for policy caution. At the same time, the zero bound on nominal interest rates constrains the central bank's ability to stimulate the economy during downturns. In such an environment, greater policy stimulus may be needed to stabilize the economy. Thus, noisy data and the zero bound present policymakers with a dilemma in deciding the appropriate stance for monetary policy. I investigate this dilemma in a small New Keynesian model, and show that policymakers should pay more attention to output gaps than suggested by previous research.

Suggested Citation

  • Billi, Roberto M., 2012. "Output Gaps and Robust Monetary Policy Rules," Working Paper Series 260, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:rbnkwp:0260
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    File URL: http://www.riksbank.se/Documents/Rapporter/Working_papers/2012/rap_wp260_120404.pdf
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    2. Iiboshi, Hirokuni, 2016. "Monetary policy regime shifts under the zero lower bound: An application of a stochastic rational expectations equilibrium to a Markov switching DSGE model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 52(PA), pages 186-205.
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    6. J.W. Mason & Arjun Jayadev, 2015. "Lost in Fiscal Space: Some Simple Analytics of Macroeconomic Policy in the Spirit of Tinbergen, Wicksell and Lerner," Working Papers 2015_05, University of Massachusetts Boston, Economics Department.
    7. Nur Ain Shahrier & Chuah Lay Lian, 2019. "Estimating Malaysia’S Output Gap: Have We Closed The Gap?," The Singapore Economic Review (SER), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 64(03), pages 647-674, June.
    8. Elfsbacka Schmöller, Michaela & Spitzer, Martin, 2022. "Lower for longer under endogenous technology growth," Research Discussion Papers 6/2022, Bank of Finland.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    output gap; measurement errors; monetary policy; zero lower bound;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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