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The Federal Reserve’s Framework for Monetary Policy: Recent Changes and New Questions

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  • William B English
  • J David López-Salido
  • Robert J Tetlow

Abstract

The Federal Reserve has made substantial changes to its framework for monetary policy in recent years. On balance, the Federal Reserve has moved closer to the “flexible inflation targeting” used, in some form or another, by many foreign central banks. The Federal Reserve’s approach, however, includes a balanced approach to its dual objectives and uses a flexible horizon over which policy aims to foster its objectives. The paper uses a small-scale macro model to help illuminate the Federal Reserve’s use of forward guidance. It also examines the case for establishing a different policy objective, such as a higher inflation target or a nominal income target. The paper finds that such changes might be beneficial, but also have potentially significant drawbacks.

Suggested Citation

  • William B English & J David López-Salido & Robert J Tetlow, 2015. "The Federal Reserve’s Framework for Monetary Policy: Recent Changes and New Questions," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 63(1), pages 22-70, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:imfecr:v:63:y:2015:i:1:p:22-70
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