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Critères de convergence, déréglementation du marché du travail et performance économique des régions européennes

Author

Listed:
  • Phu Nguyen-Van

    (CNRS & Université de Strasbourg (BETA))

  • Florian Grosset

    (Paris School of Economics)

  • Roberto Martino

    (Università di Pisa)

Abstract

Les politiques de libéralisation du marché du travail et de rigueur budgétaire, popularisées sous le nom de Consensus de Washington ne sont pas toujours pertinentes dans le contexte européen. Nous montrons que la protection des contrats de travail à durée indéterminée a un effet ambigu sur la performance économique des régions européennes. En revanche, la dérégulation des contrats de travail temporaire, si elle entraîne une hausse de leur utilisation, a un effet négatif sur la performance. Le critère de déficit inférieur à 3 % du PIB ne semble pas fondé : un déficit supérieur à ce seuil est associé à de meilleures performances économiques. Le critère de soutenabilité de la dette publique, avec un plafond de 60 % du PIB, paraît en revanche justifié. Ce niveau peut être ramené même à environ 45 % du PIB : un niveau de dette au-delà de ce montant détériore la performance économique des régions européennes.

Suggested Citation

  • Phu Nguyen-Van & Florian Grosset & Roberto Martino, 2015. "Critères de convergence, déréglementation du marché du travail et performance économique des régions européennes," Bulletin de l'Observatoire des politiques économiques en Europe, Observatoire des Politiques Économiques en Europe (OPEE), vol. 33(1), pages 3-6, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulp:buopee:v:33:y:2015:m:12:i:2
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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