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Discriminación étnica en Bolivia: examinando diferencias regionales y por nivel de calificación

  • Horacio Villegas
  • Javier Núñez

Utilizando la encuesta de Mejoramiento de las Condiciones de Vida (MECO-VI) del año 2002 este trabajo estima la discriminación étnica en el área urbana de Bolivia, separando la muestra entre zonas geográficas y entre trabajadores de distinta calificación. El análisis desagregado por zona geográfica muestra que la discriminación en el Altiplano es poco relevante para explicar la brecha de ingresos, mientras que en la zona de los valles y del Llano la discriminación es más importante que en las diferencias de productividad entre trabajadores. Por otro lado, al separar la muestra entre profesionales y no profesionales se encuentra que en el primer caso la discriminación es más importante que las diferencias de productividad para explicar la brecha de ingresos, mientras que en el segundo caso son las diferencias de productividad entre indígenas y no indígenas. En resumen, los resultados de este trabajo muestran, por una parte, que las brechas de salarios entre grupos étnicos a menudo corresponden mayo

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Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

Volume (Year): 32 (2005)
Issue (Month): 2 Year 2005 (December)
Pages: 201-218

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Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:32:y:2005:i:2:p:201-218
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  1. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  2. Jeff E. Biddle & Daniel S. Hamermesh, 1995. "Beauty, Productivity and Discrimination: Lawyers' Looks and Lucre," NBER Working Papers 5366, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Mercado, Alejandro F. & Andersen, Lykke E. & Muriel H., Beatriz, 2003. "Discriminación étnica en el sistema educativo y el mercado de trabajo de Bolivia," Revista Latinoamericana de Desarrollo Economico, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana, issue 1, pages 63-98, Septiembr.
  4. Andersen, Lykke Eg, 1999. "Wage Differentials Between Bolivian Cities," Documentos de trabajo 2/1999, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana.
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