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Discriminación étnica en Bolivia: examinando diferencias regionales y por nivel de calificación

Author

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  • Horacio Villegas
  • Javier Núñez

Abstract

Utilizando la encuesta de Mejoramiento de las Condiciones de Vida (MECO-VI) del año 2002 este trabajo estima la discriminación étnica en el área urbana de Bolivia, separando la muestra entre zonas geográficas y entre trabajadores de distinta calificación. El análisis desagregado por zona geográfica muestra que la discriminación en el Altiplano es poco relevante para explicar la brecha de ingresos, mientras que en la zona de los valles y del Llano la discriminación es más importante que en las diferencias de productividad entre trabajadores. Por otro lado, al separar la muestra entre profesionales y no profesionales se encuentra que en el primer caso la discriminación es más importante que las diferencias de productividad para explicar la brecha de ingresos, mientras que en el segundo caso son las diferencias de productividad entre indígenas y no indígenas. En resumen, los resultados de este trabajo muestran, por una parte, que las brechas de salarios entre grupos étnicos a menudo corresponden mayo

Suggested Citation

  • Horacio Villegas & Javier Núñez, 2005. "Discriminación étnica en Bolivia: examinando diferencias regionales y por nivel de calificación," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 32(2 Year 20), pages 201-218, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:32:y:2005:i:2:p:201-218
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    File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/2fb91ec4-a6d6-48a8-ad5e-adee368fe7db.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    2. Andersen, Lykke Eg, 1999. "Wage Differentials Between Bolivian Cities," Documentos de trabajo 2/1999, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana.
    3. Mercado, Alejandro F. & Andersen, Lykke E. & Muriel H., Beatriz, 2003. "Discriminación étnica en el sistema educativo y el mercado de trabajo de Bolivia," Revista Latinoamericana de Desarrollo Economico, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana, issue 1, pages 63-98, Septiembr.
    4. Biddle, Jeff E & Hamermesh, Daniel S, 1998. "Beauty, Productivity, and Discrimination: Lawyers' Looks and Lucre," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(1), pages 172-201, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Juan Pablo Atal & Hugo R. Ñopo & Natalia Winder, 2009. "New Century, Old Disparities: Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Latin America," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1131, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. World Bank, 2009. "Increasing Formality and Productivity of Bolivian Firms," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2675.
    3. World Bank Group, 2015. "Bolivia," World Bank Other Operational Studies 23829, The World Bank.
    4. repec:aru:wpaper:200601 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Gray Molina, George & Yañez, Ernesto, 2009. "The Moving Middle: Migration, Place Premiums and Human Development in Bolivia," MPRA Paper 19229, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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