Specific Capital and Technological Variety
Growth of technological variety offers more scope for the division of labor. And when a division of labor requires some specific training, the technological specificity of human capital grows, and, with it, probably the firm specificity of that capital grows. We build a simple model that captures this observation. The model implies that a rising specialization of human and physical capital raises the rents in the average match between a firm and its human and physical capital. We document that in the last 40 years the firmâ€™s share of those rents has also grown, and we use the model to explain why this shift may have taken place.
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