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Models of Growth and Firm Heterogeneity

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  • Erzo G.J. Luttmer

    (Department of Economics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, and Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis)

Abstract

Although employment at individual firms tends to be highly nonstationary, the employment size distribution of all firms in the United States appears to be stationary. It closely resembles a Pareto distribution. There is a lot of entry and exit, mostly of small firms. This review surveys general equilibrium models that can be used to interpret these facts and explores the role of innovation by new and incumbent firms in determining aggregate growth. The existence of a balanced growth path with a stationary employment size distribution depends crucially on assumptions made about the cost of entry. Some type of labor must be an essential input in setting up new firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Erzo G.J. Luttmer, 2010. "Models of Growth and Firm Heterogeneity," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 2(1), pages 547-576, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:anr:reveco:v:2:y:2010:p:547-576
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    Cited by:

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    2. Da-Rocha, José-María & Restuccia, Diego & Tavares, Marina Mendes, 2019. "Firing costs, misallocation, and aggregate productivity," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 60-81.
    3. Vasco M. Carvalho & Basile Grassi, 2019. "Large Firm Dynamics and the Business Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 109(4), pages 1375-1425, April.
    4. Melitz, Marc J. & Redding, Stephen J., 2014. "Heterogeneous Firms and Trade," Handbook of International Economics, in: Gopinath, G. & Helpman, . & Rogoff, K. (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 0, pages 1-54, Elsevier.
    5. Distante, Roberta & Petrella, Ivan & Santoro, Emiliano, 2018. "Gibrat’s law and quantile regressions: An application to firm growth," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 164(C), pages 5-9.
    6. Luigi Paciello & Andrea Pozzi & Nicholas Trachter, 2019. "Price Dynamics With Customer Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 60(1), pages 413-446, February.
    7. Kazuo Mino, 2016. "Fiscal Policy in a Growing Economy with Financial Frictions and Firm Heterogeneity," The Japanese Economic Review, Springer, vol. 67(1), pages 3-30, March.
    8. Schulz, Jan & Milaković, Mishael, 2020. "How wealthy are the rich?," BERG Working Paper Series 166, Bamberg University, Bamberg Economic Research Group.
    9. Loredana Fattorini & Mahdi Ghodsi & Armando Rungi, 2020. "Cohesion Policy Meets Heterogeneous Firms," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(4), pages 803-817, July.
    10. José-María Da-Rocha & Jaume Sempere, 2017. "ITQs, Firm Dynamics and Wealth Distribution: Does Full Tradability Increase Inequality?," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 68(2), pages 249-273, October.
    11. Peters, Michael, 2013. "Heterogeneous mark-ups, growth and endogenous misallocation," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 54254, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    12. Roberto Fattal Jaef & Francisco Buera, 2015. "The Dynamics of Development: Entrepreneurship, Innovation, and Reallocation," 2015 Meeting Papers 274, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    13. Basile Grassi & Vasco Carvalho, 2015. "Firm Dynamics and the Granular Hypothesis," 2015 Meeting Papers 617, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    14. Erzo Luttmer, 2017. "Slow Convergence in Economies with Organization Capital," 2017 Meeting Papers 1117, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    15. Marcin Bielecki, 2017. "Business cycles, innovation and growth: welfare analysis," Working Papers 2017-19, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
    16. Aziza GARSAA & Nadine LEVRATTO, 2017. "Les disparités d’évolution de l’emploi sont-elles dues à la nature des entreprises ou à leur localisation ? Une analyse multiniveaux sur les zones d’emploi françaises," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 45, pages 31-58.
    17. Luttmer, Erzo G.J., 2012. "Technology diffusion and growth," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 147(2), pages 602-622.
    18. William P. Barnett, 2017. "Metacompetition: Competing over the Game to Be Played," Strategy Science, INFORMS, vol. 2(4), pages 212-219, December.
    19. Jean Imbs & Basile Grassi, 2015. "Why Do Risky Sectors Grow Fast?," 2015 Meeting Papers 449, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    20. Jack Rossbach, 2015. "Good Policy or Good Firms? International Competition and Aggregate Growth in a Granular World," 2015 Meeting Papers 1311, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    21. Nicholas Trachter & Andrea Pozzi & Luigi Paciello, 2014. "Markups Dynamics with Customer Markets," 2014 Meeting Papers 39, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    22. Hernan Mondani, 2019. "Sector, industry and inter-organizational movement statistics in the Stockholm Region: informing organizational growth models," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 53(2), pages 735-755, March.
    23. Elhanan Helpman & Oleg Itskhoki, "undated". "Trade Liberalization and Labor Market Dynamics with Heterogeneous Firms," Working Paper 199161, Harvard University OpenScholar.
    24. Loris Rubini & Klaus Desmet & Facundo Piguillem & Aranzazu Crespo, . "Breaking down the barriers to firmgrowth in Europe The fourth EFIGE policy report," Blueprints, Bruegel, number 744, December.
    25. repec:hrv:faseco:34557509 is not listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    firm size distribution; organization capital; heterogeneous productivity; selection;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives

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